- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
Osgood–Schlatter disease: Symptoms and Causes
This condition is especially seen when you are young and when the bones of the knee are still being replaced. It causes swelling and tenderness in the bony lump just below the kneecap. This condition is very common in children who are actively involved in running, jumping and repetitive bending of the knees.
Painkillers, reducing activity levels, painkillers, and ice packs may be helpful, and the condition usually resolves once your child stops having growth spurts.
Knee pain and swelling just below the kneecap are the main indicators of Osgood-Schlatter disease. Pain usually worsens during certain activities, such as running, kneeling and jumping, and eases with rest.
The condition usually occurs in just one knee, but it can affect both knees. The discomfort can last from weeks to months and can recur until your child stops growing.
Other symptoms may include:
- pain that gets worse with exercise
- relief from pain with rest
- swelling or tenderness under the knee and over the shinbone
- limping after exercise
- the tightness in the muscles surrounding the knee (the hamstring and quadriceps muscles)
Sports and activities like basketball and ballet that require movements like running, jumping, and bending at the knee cause the muscles in your thighs (quadriceps) to pull on the tendon connecting your shinbone and kneecap. Over time, this can force the tendon to separate slightly from the shinbone. This is what causes the symptoms of OSD.
Some kids with OSD get a bony lump where the tendon and shinbone are separating. This is because their bodies are trying to grow new bone to close the gap that’s developed.
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