- by Dr Varsha Saxena
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- Mar 09 2018
Muenke syndrome: Causes and Symptoms
It is a condition characterized by the premature closure of certain bones of the skull during development, which affects the shape of the head and face. Many people may face premature fusion of skull bones along the coronal suture, the growth line which goes over the head from ear to ear.
It is caused by genetic mutation. The gene that affects bone growth is called FGFR3. When parents do not have the syndrome themselves, there is a slim chance of them having a child with Muenke syndrome. If one of the parents has the Muneke syndrome, the chances of them bearing a child with Muenke syndrome is about 50 percent.
- Unusually shaped head with a flat looking area in the middle of the face.
- Hearing Loss
- Having eyes that are especially wide set.
- Defects in feet, toes, hands, and fingers as well.
- Flat cheekbones
- Crossed eyes
- Droopy eyelids
The doctor will examine your child’s skull carefully. A CT scan of your child’s head can give the doctor more information and help us plan the best treatment for a child.
Treatment varies from syndrome to syndrome and patient to patient. The abnormal growth patterns will continue throughout the individual’s life because they were put in place before the individuals were even born.
Some treatments include mid-face advancement, the release of skull fusion, and eye surgery.
Initial skull re-shaping surgery takes place within the first few years of life. This will involve cutting through the fused sutures in the skull and reshaping it to give a more normal skull shape.
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