- by Dr Ashok Kumar Selva
- 2 Shares
- Jul 21 2017
Mouth Ulcer: Causes, Treatment & Prevention
Mouth ulcers are the sores that show up in the mouth mostly on the inside of the cheeks. They are likewise called as aphthous ulcers. It can be excruciating while eating, drinking, speaking or brushing teeth.
Sporadic mouth ulcers are generally harmless & get clear on its own. Look for therapeutic counsel in the event that they last longer than 3 weeks or continue returning. Mouth ulcers can't be gotten from another person.
Sorts of mouth ulcer
- Minor ulcers: These are around 2 to 8mm in size & generally clear up in 10 to 15 days.
- Major ulcers: These are bigger & more profound, frequently with a raised & uneven border. This kind of ulcer can take half few weeks to mend & it might leave a scar in the mouth.
- Herpetiform ulcers: This sort of ulcer is a group of many little sores (the size of pinheads).
Causes of mouth ulcers
For most of the cases, the cause behind mouth ulcers is not clear. Generally mouth ulcers are brought on by the harm to the coating within the mouth. For instance:
- Accidental cut by your teeth in your cheek
- poorly fitting dentures
- hard food
- an imperfect filling
It is not generally clear what causes mouth ulcers that continue returning or keep coming back; however triggers are thought to include:
- Stress & nervousness
- Hormonal changes – for a few ladies, mouth ulcers evolve during their menstruation.
- Eating certain food – for example - chocolate, espresso, peanuts, spicy food, almonds, strawberries, cheddar, tomatoes & wheat flour
- Toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulphate
- Stopping smoking – when you initially quit smoking, there might be a development of ulcers in the mouth.
Side effects of mouth ulcers
You may get the mouth ulcers in case you have:
- Grievous sores inside your mouth, soft palate, on the tongue, or on your cheeks.
- Sores in your mouth that are round, white, or grey in color, with a red edge or border.
In extreme mouth ulcer assaults, you may likewise experience:
- Physical lethargy
- Swollen lymph nodes
Analysis of mouth ulcers
It is imperative to find the reason for the mouth ulcers. A portion of the examinations may include:
- Physical examination – mouth ulcers look changed relying upon their cause. For instance, if the ulcer is extensive & yellow, it was in all likelihood brought on by any damage. Cold sores in the mouth have a tendency to be extremely various & spread around the gums, throat, within the cheeks & tongue. A fever additionally proposes the ulcers might be brought about by a herpes simplex infection.
- Blood tests – check for indications of contamination.
- Skin biopsy – a little tag of tissue from the ulcer is taken & tested in a lab.
Treatment of mouth ulcers
Torment from a mouth ulcer usually decreases in a couple days & the sores generally mend without any treatment in 1 or 2 weeks.
In case the sores are extensive, agonizing or stable, your dental specialist may recommend an anti-microbial mouth wash, a corticosteroid ointment, or any other solution to decrease the agony & aggravation.
Prevention for mouth ulcers
Despite the fact that there is no cure for mouth ulcers & they frequently re-occur, you might be able to diminish their recurrence with great dental cleanliness & by:
- Avoiding foods that bother your mouth, including spicy & acidic foods
- Avoiding aggravation from chewing gums
- Brushing with a delicate bristled brush after meals & flossing every day, which will help you keep your mouth free from the foods that may trigger a sore.
Look for restorative guidance about mouth ulcers in case you have:
- Extremely huge sores
- Sores that are spreading
- Sores that last for 3 weeks or more
- Intolerable agony in spite of maintaining distance from triggered foods & having pain killers
- Difficulty in drinking liquids
- A high fever with mouth ulcers
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