- by Dr Nandeesh B
- 2 Shares
- Jun 30 2017
Monsoon and Diarrhea in children
Most children encounter diarrhea — repeated, runny motions (poop) — from time to time. The good news is that it generally doesn't last long and is more tiresome than threatening. Still, it's critical to know how to soothe and even prevent diarrhea.
Diarrhea is commonly caused by gastrointestinal (GI) infections mainly caused by Viruses, sometimes by bacteria or parasites.
Diarrhea is the body's way of cleansing itself of microbes, and most incidents last a few days to a week. Diarrhea frequently arises with nausea, fever, cramps, vomiting and dehydration.
Sometimes, diarrhea can be because of a non-infectious disease or condition, especially if it lasts for many weeks or longer. In those cases, it could be an indication of lactose intolerance, a food allergy or disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, such as inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease.
Symptoms generally begin with twitching abdominal pain followed by diarrhea that usually lasts for a less time. Infections with many of the parasites viruses and bacteria that cause diarrhea also can bring on other indications, like:
Loss of appetite
In cases of viral gastroenteritis, children usually develop fever and vomiting initially, followed by diarrhea.
When treating viral gastroenteritis -- which can last five-fourteen days -- it's crucial to stop loss of fluid. Give additional breast milk or an oral rehydration solution (ORS) to infants and young children. Water singly doesn't have adequate potassium, sodium and other nourishments to securely rehydrate very young kids. Make sure to talk to your physician about the amount of fluids your child needs, how to confirm he or she gets them, when to provide them, and how to look for dehydration.
To stay hydrated, older kids with diarrhea can drink anything they like, including ORS and brand-name products (their names usually end in "lyte"). Popsicles can also be a good way to get fluids into a child who's been vomiting and slowly needs to rehydrate.
How to care for you child
Mild diarrhea generally isn't cause for worry if your child is acting normally and drinking and eating adequately. It generally passes in a few days, and children recuperate with home care, rest, and enough of fluids.
Kids who are not dehydrated or vomiting can carry on with eating and drinking as usual. In fact, continuing a well ordered diet may even reduce the diarrhea occurrence. You may want to provide smaller amounts of food until the diarrhea ends.
Do not give your child medicines that are not prescribed by a doctor or anti-diarrhea medicine unless your doctor gives the OK.
The focus when treating diarrhea is to substitute the lost fluids and electrolytes (minerals and salts). For children who aren't dehydrated, doctors suggest:
Continuing with a regular diet and giving plenty of liquids to substitute those lost while the diarrhea persists.
Giving additional breastmilk or formula to newborns
For kids who show symptoms of mild dehydration, doctors often advise rehydration with an oral rehydration solution (ORS). These are available in most general stores and pharmacies without a prescription and substitute body fluids rapidly. Your physician will tell you what type to give, the quantity, and duration.
In few cases, kids with profound diarrhea may need to get IV fluids at the hospital for a couple of hours to aid battle dehydration.
Can diarrhea be prevented?
It's nearly difficult to prevent kids from ever getting diarrhea. But here are some ways to make it less possible:
Make sure kids wash their hands adequately and often, especially after using the washroom and before eating. Cleansing hands properly is the most effectual way to keep away diarrheal infections that pass from person to another. Filthy hands carry germs into the body when kids chew their nails, lap their thumbs, use fingers whole they eat, or put any portion of their hands into their mouths.
Keep bathroom surfaces clean
Wash fruits and vegetables properly before cooking and eating.
Wash kitchen platforms and cooking appliances thoroughly after they've been in contact with raw meat, especially fowl.
After bringing meat home from the store, refrigerate meats as soon as possible. Cook them until they're no longer pink. Freeze all residue food as soon as possible.
Unless local health authorities have certified that the water is safe for drinking, never drink from streams, springs, or lakes.
Abstain washing pet cages or bowls in the same sink that you use to cook food. And keep pet feeding province disconnected from family eating areas.
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