- by Maharani Devi Medical Centre
- 4 Shares
- Jul 23 2017
Measles (Rubeola) –What is it?
What is measles?
Measles is a very communicable (easily spread) infection that causes a rash all over your body. It is also red measles or called rubeola.
The measles vaccine safeguards against the illness. This vaccine is part of the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) and MMRV (measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella [chickenpox]) vaccines. Most children get the vaccine as part of their periodic shots. This is why measles is rare in the USA and Canada.
What causes measles?
Measles is caused by a virus. It is communicable when an infected person shares food or drinks, coughs, or sneezes. The measles virus can advance along the air. This means that you can get measles if you are around someone who has the virus even if that person doesn't cough or sneeze right on you.
One can disperse the virus to others from four4 days prior to the rash starts until four days after the rash appeared. The virus is most frequently spread when people initially get sick, before they know they have it.
If a person has had measles, he/she can't get it again. What are the symptoms?
A bad a runny nose, cold-a high fever, a sore throat, a hacking cough and sneezing are the first symptoms of measles. The lymph nodes in your neck might swell. You also may feel very exhausted and have red, sore eyes and diarrhea. You will get red spots inside your mouth, followed by a rash all over your body, as these symptoms start to go away.
Adults usually feel adverse than children with measles, when they get it.
The incubation period -It usually takes about seven to eighteen days to get indications after you have been near someone who has measles.
How is measles diagnosed?
You need to see a doctor if you suspect you have symptoms of measles.
After you have had an exam, your physician may suggest a blood test and/or viral culture if he or she doubts that you have measles.
How is it treated?
With home care, measles usually gets better. You can take medicine to reduce your fever, if needed. Also, drink lots of fluids and get plenty of rest. Keep away from other people as much as you can so that you don't communicate the disease. Anyone who has measles should stay out of day care, school, work, and public places for at least four days after the rash first occurred.
If your child has measles your doctor may suggest vitamin A supplements.
Most individuals get better within two weeks. But measles can sometimes cause dangerous complications, such as brain swelling (encephalitis) or lung infection (pneumonia). In exceptional cases, it can even cause meningitis or seizures.
You may be able to prevent the infection by getting immunoglobulin (IG) or the measles vaccine as soon as possible, if you have been subject to measles and you have not had the vaccine. Babies who are younger than twelve months, pregnant women, and individuals who have diminished immune systems that can't battle infection may need to get IG if they are exposed to measles.
Why is prevention important?
Getting your child vaccinated is crucial, because measles can sometimes cause grave problems.
False statements in the news have made some parents worried about a link between vaccines and autism. But research have found no connect between vaccines and autism.
Measles is one of the most infectious diseases. Eruptions can easily arise. For example, a person from another country may have measles and not know it yet. If that individual travels outside his or her own country, he or she could communicate measles to people who are not immune. You may also be at risk, if you travel to another country and you are not immune to measles.
If you plan to travel and you are not sure whether you're immune to measles, check with your physician to see whether you should get the vaccine before you travel.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.