Massage Therapy-Techniques and their benefits
Dr Naveen Visweswaraiah
Indiranagar, Bengaluru May 4, 2017
Therapeutic Massages involves following techniques
1 Effleurage - involves a repeated circular stroking movement made with the palm of the hand across length of a musclea. The movements effect Peripheral Nervous System through ectodermal tissue massage therapists touch and mesoderm tissue manipulation which cause somatosensaory stimulation. The mechanoreceptors stimulates large afferent nerve fibers that stimulate Plysyaptic interneurons in Dorasal Hypothalamus which prevents the impulse of smaller nerve fibers thereby giving reduced pain perceptionb.
b. The movements also increase Opioid receptor activation through increase secretion of Beta-Endorphins and other endogenous opioid receptor agonists. The increased levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin as well as opiod neuropeptide secretion act as Analgesic for pain reduction.
2. Kneading – involves actions to squeeze, press, or roll with the hands across the width of a muscle.
a.Mechanical influence of kneading and summation of repeated contractions initiates Adenosine Triphosphate hydrolysis. This increases intramuscular phosphate and proton levels which in turn causes increased number if cross-bridges in a weakened state thereby reducing tension.
b. Kneading movement’s Mechanical influence manipulating mesoderm that alters the structural composition of the tissue such that a response elicited from the golgi tendon organ. The enhanced viscoelasticity between the tissue surfaces/contract-relax/strain counter-strain increase in both connective and muscle tissue extensibility.
c. Kneading movements reduces force production causing myofibril lengthening following massage, contributing to improved range of motion.
d. Kneading movements cause Reflexive response and increased parasympathetic nervous function. The Relaxing sphincters, dilating gastrointestinal tract blood vessels, and increasing secretion of gastric juice and mucus provide benefits to digestive system.
3. Friction - A deep massage applied by circular motions of the thumbs or fingertips.
a. Friction can help prevent scar tissue forming in torn muscles. Deep friction massage may displace adhesions facilitating realignment of the connective and muscular tissue fibers.
b. Deep frictions causes Proprioceptive stimulation of the neuro-tendinous organ. The Reflexive response and Inverse myotatic reflex causes Muscular relaxation. Inhibitory postsynaptic potential activates Motor neuron for Relaxed, extended muscle and Increased joint mobility.
c. Friction causes Mechanical compression of mesoderm and Local hyperemia. This Deliberate tissue trauma generates Inflammatory response that Produces local metabolites causing Vasodilation of the peripheral vessels and thereby improving local blood circulation.
A properly trained Massage Therapist under the guidance of a Doctor is the right recipe for Therapeutic Massage.