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Maintaing oral health

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   6 min     



Oral and dental health is an imperative part of your overall health and well-being. Oral hygiene is important to prevent bacteria from surviving in your mouth. Poor oral hygiene can lead to gum disease, dental cavities and has even been associated with cancer, diabetes and heart disease.

Maintaining healthy gums and teeth is a lifelong commitment. Lack of cleanliness inside the mouth causes plaque which is a bacterial layer formed on the teeth which release acids that damage the tooth enamel leading to tooth decay. The earlier you acquire proper oral hygiene habits including brushing, flossing as well as limiting your sugar intake, the easier it will be for you to avoid expensive dental procedures and so many long-term health issues.

Oral hygiene routine 

A regular routine can prevent plaque or other diseases giving you clean, white and sparkly teeth. It also ensures you have fresh breath prevents yellow teeth, cavities, and bad breath.

Brush properly

The way you brush is very important, moreover, doing a poor job of brushing your teeth is just as bad as not brushing them at all. So take your time, moving the toothbrush in gentle, circular motions to remove plaque. Brush twice a day with a soft-bristled brush and make sure you reach out to all parts of the mouth and clean it. This will remove any food particle remains that can cause bacteria formation inside that will damage your teeth.

Pick fluoride

Pick an antimicrobial toothpaste that has fluoride content which is good for your teeth as it prevents tooth decay. When it comes to picking a toothpaste, there are more essential elements to look for than flavours of whitening power. Fluoride works by batteling germs which can lead to decay, as well as implementing a protective barrier for the teeth. So, no matter which version you choose, make sure it contains fluoride.

Flossing is just as important

Floss once a day which will keep your gums clean and work between your teeth, removes small particles and prevents gum diseases like bleeding gums. Flossing can be a bit tricky, especially for young children and older adults. Instead of giving up, you can go for ready-to-use dental flossers from the drugstore, and it can make a big difference.

Try a tongue cleaner

Plaque can also pile up on your tongue. Not only can this cause a foul mouth odour, but it can also lead to other oral health problems. Use a tongue cleaner to get rid of bacteria and freshen your breath. Gently clean your tongue every time you brush your teeth.

Consider mouthwash

Mouthwash benefits in three ways: It decreases the amount of acid in the mouth, cleans hard-to-brush areas in and around the gums, and re-mineralizes the teeth. You can additionally use a regular mouth was to keep bad breath away and keep your teeth clean. Mouthwashes can even be used after every meal if you choose to keep your breath minty throughout.

Look what you're eating

As much as it is important to maintain oral hygiene, it is imperative that you control what you put in your mouth. Your eating habits and the food you consume are the biggest sources of any oral diseases. To avoid such situations, you must drink more water and cut back on acidic or sugary food. Set a schedule for your meals and do not eat late at night. Remember that everything that you eat is what you become.

Visit a doctor

Apart from an everyday routine, it is important to make it a point to visit your dentist for a regular check-up. The dentist might recommend you get a professional cleaning done maybe once a year to remove food stains and brighten your teeth. Not only can a dentist remove calculus and look for cavities, but they will also be able to detect any potential issues and offer timely treatment solutions. At a minimum, you should see your dentist for checkups twice a year.

Types of dental and oral diseases


Cavities are also known as caries or tooth decay. These are regions of the tooth which have been completely damaged and may even have holes in them. Cavities are reasonably common. They happen when food, bacteria, and acid coat your teeth and form a layer of plaque. The acid on your teeth begins to erode away at the enamel and then the underlying dentin, or connective tissue. Over time, this can cause permanent damage.

Gum disease (gingivitis)

Gingivitis, also known as gum disease, is the inflammation of gums. It is generally the outcome of plaque piling up on your teeth because of poor brushing and flossing practice. Gingivitis can make your gums bleed and swell when you brush or floss. Untreated gingivitis can even lead to periodontitis, an even severe infection.

Sensitive teeth

If you have sensitive teeth, you might feel discomfort or pain after consuming hot or cold foods and beverages.

Tooth sensitivity is also termed as "dentin hypersensitivity." It seldom occurs temporarily after undergoing a filling or a root canal. It can also be the consequence of:

  • a cracked tooth

  • gum disease

  • receding gums

  • worn-down fillings or crowns

Some people simply have sensitive teeth if they have a thinner layer of enamel. In most cases, naturally sensitive teeth can be treated with a change in your daily oral hygiene regimen. There are particular brands of toothpaste and mouthwash for people who suffer from teeth sensitivity.

Shop for toothpaste and mouthwash made for people with teeth sensitivity.

Oral cancer

A dentist is generally the first person to recognise oral cancer. Tobacco use, such as chewing and smoking tobacco, is one of the biggest risk factors for oral cancer. The earlier you get oral cancer diagnosed, the better the outlook. Oral cancers involve cancer of the:

  • gums

  • tongue

  • lips

  • cheek

  • the hard and soft palate

  • the floor of the mouth


As periodontitis progresses, the infection can grow to your bones and jaw. It can also induce an inflammatory response throughout your body.

Cracked or broken teeth

A tooth can break or crack from chewing hard foods, grinding the teeth at night or an injury to your mouth. A cracked tooth can be awfully painful. It is advised for you to visit a dentist right away if you have broken or cracked a tooth.

The connection between oral health and overall health?

Like a lot of other regions of your body, your mouth contains bacteria- often harmless. However, since your mouth is the entry gate for your respiratory and digestive tracts, some of the bad bacterias can cause disease.

Usually, the body's natural defences and the proper oral health care, including daily brushing and flossing, help keep the bacteria under control. However, without ideal oral hygiene, the bacteria can reach levels which might lead to oral infections, including gum disease and tooth decay.

Also, some medications such as painkillers, antihistamines, decongestants, diuretics and antidepressants can reduce your saliva flow. Since your saliva washes away food and neutralises acids produced by bacteria in your mouth, it can help protect you from microbes which multiply and lead to some serious diseases.

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Tags:  Dental treatments,oral hygiene ,oral health, dental health, flossing, gingivitis, gum disease, heart disease, Oral hygiene, cancer, diabetes, cavities, plaque, Types of dental and oral diseases

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  7 Likes |    3 Comments |    2 Share |    756 Views

SUMAN KUMARI |  September 4th, 2017


Medikoe Health Expert
Medikoe Health Expert |  September 23rd, 2016

Great article