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- Feb 09 2017
KAUMARAYA BHRITYA: An Ayurvedic Approach to Paediatrics
Kaumaraya Bhritya Tantra also known as Bala Chikitsa is a branch of Ashtang Ayurveda that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to Pregnancy, childbirth (delivery) and children’s health issues (Paediatrics). Jeevak Kaumarbhritya, a physician of the 6th century BC was the first propagator of this Ayurvedic science. Kaumaraya Bhritya is a comprehensive and in depth study of the prenatal, postnatal child care as well as different conditions under the branch of gynaecology. This practice strives to provide a healthy quality of life for the child right from conception.
Kaumaraya Bhritya is one of the eight branches of Ayurveda and completely deals with paediatrics in ayurvedic medicines.
This ancient science believes that the physical and mental well-being of the mother has direct implications on the overall health of the child. It has recommended specific diet, routine, regimen, nourishment and conduct for women before, throughout and after delivery. It is a pre-requisite for the mother to attain perfect health to ensure a healthy upbringing for the child.
The details regarding the procedures involved in Kaumaraya Bhritya can be found in the classical writings of Vagbhata, Ashtanga Samgraha and Ashtanga Hridaya. Even, the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita mention in detail about the Bala Chikitsa as well as prenatal, natural and post-delivery care tips.
In brief, these are the following aspects of child care that this Ayurvedic branch of medicine deals with:
- GARBHA VYAPADA: Deals with the complications that arise during pregnancy.
- Navjata Shishu Paricharya: Concept of neo natal care.
- LEHAN: Describes drug combinations and formulations.
- SANSKARAS: Childhood sacraments.
- CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
- BREAST MILK AND BREASTFEEDING
- CLASSIFICATION OF AGE
- BIRTH INJURIES
- MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN
Apart from gynaecology and paediatrics, this branch of science also deals with the problem of infertility, its causes and how it can be treated.
Kaumara Bhritya has ample benefits. An Ayurvedic physician starts to take care of the expectant mother and the fetus from the very beginning and does not cause any harm.
Although it is an ancient science, Kaumara Bhritya is not outdated and holds relevance in the modern world as well. It is a holistic medicine that deals with the body by creating and maintaining a state of equilibrium, vitality and positivity. Ayurvedic perspective on child care is incomparable and unparalleled.
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