- by RIDGE IVF
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- May 17 2018
IVF: Risks and Prevention
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is quite an effective way to treat infertility and other problems related to genetics or conception. But it is not without any downsides or negatives as there are many health risks associated with in vitro fertilization. These risks can also be lowered or avoided totally by taking a few preventive measures. Let us know about it in more detail:
Multiple births: IVF increases the chances of multiple births if more than one embryo is planted back in your body. There are many problems related with multiple births like premature labor, and lower birth weight than what a normal foetus has.
Even without multiple births, people born through in vitro fertilization usually have lower body weights as compared to those born without it. There is also higher chance of premature delivery in IVF.
Miscarriage: There is not an increased risk of miscarriage in IVF as compared to normal conception per se, but the risk increases with age in IVF. Also the use of frozen embryos also increases the chance of miscarriage.
Egg retrieval problems: Using aspirating needles while collecting eggs can sometimes cause bleedings or infections if not done properly. There is also slightly an increased chance of ovarian cancer due to use of certain medications to stimulate egg growth.
Sometimes when the fertilized egg is put back, it plants itself in the fallopian tube outside the uterus. And it is a well known fact that the egg can not survive outside the uterus and there is no way to continue the pregnancy.
To prevent complications during IVF and later, many clinical tests should be done to know of any problems beforehand:
Ovarian testing is normally done before IVF to know about the quality and quantity of your eggs. Follicle-stimulating hormone, estrogen etc are tested to know about the condition of the eggs and ovary.
Semen analysis is also necessary before proceeding with IVF. It involves measuring the quality, mobility, and concentration of semen. This will make your doctor know better about what procedures to further apply.
Disease screening: It is wise to screen for any infectious diseases that might be passed on to the embryo. It can be any underlying genetic disease, or other diseases like HIV.
Uterine cavity check: It is also advisable to do a mock embryo transfer to determine the depth of your uterine cavity. It will also help to determine what technique will most successfully place the embryo inside the uterus.
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