- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 06 2017
How Long Can You Live With Cerebral Palsy?
What is Cerebral Palsy?
It is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture that is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth.
It is caused by an abnormality or disruption in brain development, usually before a child is born. There are some factors which can lead to problems with brain development include:
- Mutations in genes
- Maternal Infections that affect the developing fetus
- Fetal stroke, a disruption of blood supply to the developing brain
- Infant Infections
- Traumatic Head Injury
- Lack of oxygen
- Variations in muscle tone
- Stiff muscles with normal reflexes
- Lack of muscle coordination
- Tremors or involuntary movements
- Slow, writhing movements
The pediatrician will evaluate child’s signs and symptoms, review child’s medical history, and conduct a physical evaluation. The doctor may refer a child to a pediatric neurologist.
MRI: It is done to produce detailed 3-D or cross-sectional images of child’s brain.
Cranial Ultrasound: It is performed during infancy and it uses high-frequency sound waves to obtain images of the brain.
EEG: It is done to determine if he or she has epilepsy, which often occurs in people with cerebral palsy.
If a child is diagnosed with cerebral palsy and some other tests associated with the disorder are also done:
- Vision Impairment
- Hearing Impairment
- Speech delays
- Intellectual Disabilities
- Other Developmental delays
- Movement disorders
Children and adults with cerebral palsy require long-term care with a medical care team. The team may include:
- Pediatrician or physiatrist
- Pediatric neurologist
- Orthopedic surgeon
- Physical therapist
- Occupational therapist
- Speech-language pathologist
- Developmental therapist
- Mental health specialist
- Recreation therapist
- Social worker
- Special education teacher
Medicines that can lessen the tightness of muscles may be used to improve functional abilities. Therapies are given to a person with cerebral palsy to enhance functional abilities.
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