- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
How Do You Get Leukemia
It is a cancer of the body’s blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system. It usually involves the white blood cells. In Leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells, which don’t function properly.
The exact cause of leukemia is not known but it is said that it is because of genetic and environmental factors.
Classification of Leukemia
Classification on the basis of its progress:
- Acute Leukemia: In this, the abnormal blood cells are immature blood cells that can’t carry out their normal functions, and they multiply rapidly, so the disease worsens quickly.
- Chronic Leukemia: There are many types of chronic leukemias. It involves more mature blood cells which accumulate or replicate more slowly and can function normally for a period of time.
Classification on the basis of the type of white blood cell affected:
- Lymphocytic Leukemia: It affects the lymphoid cells which form lymphoid or lymphatic tissue.
- Myelogenous Leukemia: It affects myeloid cells. Myeloid cells give rise to red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelet-producing cells.
Types of Leukemia
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL): It is very common in young children but it can also occur in adults.
- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML): It occurs in both children and adults.
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL): It is most common chronic adult leukemia. The person may feel well for years without needing treatment.
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML): It mainly affects adults. The person may have few or no symptoms for months or years a phase in which the leukemia cells grow more quickly.
The common signs and symptoms of leukemia are:
- Fever or chills
- Persistent fatigue, weakness
- Weight loss
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Easy bleeding or bruising
- Recurrent nosebleeds
- Tiny red spots on your skin
- Excessive sweating
- Bone pain
- The doctor will look for physical signs of leukemia, such as pale skin from anemia, swelling of lymph nodes, and enlargement of your liver and spleen.
- The blood test is done to determine abnormal levels of red or white blood cells or platelets.
- Bone marrow test by removing a sample of bone marrow from hipbone.
- Chemotherapy: It uses the chemical to kill leukemia cells.
- Biological Therapy: It works by using treatments that help our immune system recognize and attack leukemia cells.
- Targeted Therapy: It uses drugs that attack specific vulnerabilities within your cancer cells.
- Radiation Therapy: It uses X-rays or other high-energy beams to damage leukemia cells and stop their growth.
- Stem Cell Transplant: It is the procedure to replace diseased bone marrow with a healthy bone marrow.
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