- by Diabetacare 24x7 Diabetes Care
- 0 Shares
- May 30 2017
How Diabetes Affects Your Vision
A condition which impairs your body’s ability to process sugars, if not controlled, will become a pathway to aggravations unlimited. The complications from diabetes impact multiple body organs and systems in the body adversely, including the eyes. Such is the effect that it might even lead to complete loss of vision/blindness.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Also known as the diabetic eye disease, it is linked with damage to the blood vessels in the retina. These vessels enlarge and leak fluids or bleed ultimately affecting the vision. Here’s the different ways it affects your eyes:
· Macular Edema: It is a subset of retinopathy, wherein the macula part of the retina swells up.
· Proliferative Retinopathy: This is a more serious form of the disease, where abnormal vessels grow on the retina causing hemorrhages leading to a clot. This can pull your retina away from the back of your eye, resulting in blindness.
· Glaucoma: When the pressure in your eye damages your optic nerve, it is called glaucoma. Adults with diabetes are more prone to glaucoma.
· Cataract: Mostly found in older people, cataract is characterized by clouding of the eye lens. In people with diabetes, cataract becomes a possibility starting at a very early age.
When to visit the Doctor?
Below signs could indicate the need for a doctor’s appointment:
· Zigzag vision
· Blurred vision
· Difficulty in focusing
· Altered colour vision
· Spots in your vision
What is the significance of eye exams?
As rightly said, “Prevention is better than cure,” early detection of a disease helps in restoring the damages while it is still treatable. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) suggests that while people with type 2 diabetes should get an eye exam immediately after being diagnosed, type 1 diabetes patients need to get an eye exam within first five years of their diagnosis. As type 2 diabetes stays undiagnosed for many years, it might already worsen eye complications by that time. An eye exam will help your doctor decide, whether or not the damage is already been done. If not, they will help you in preventing the situation altogether.
Once you have your initial eye exam, it is recommended by ADA to take one annually. This will help keep track of changes due to diabetes through minor tests. If diagnosed with retinopathy, the treatment will entirely depend on the severity of the disease.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.