- by Dr Sumbul Fatima
- 0 Shares
- Aug 11 2017
How can obesity affect your baby?
Obesity during pregnancy can cause varied health issues for a baby, involving:
Women who are obese are at high risk of giving birth to an infant who is remarkably larger than normal (macrosomia) and has more body fat than normal. Studies suggest that as birth weight increases, so does the threat of childhood obesity.
Chronic Illness: Being obese during pregnancy may increase the risk that your baby will evolve heart disease or diabetes as an adult.
Studies suggest that obesity during pregnancy moderately elevates the threat of having a baby who is born with a congenital defect.
How much weight should you attain during pregnancy?
Your pre-pregnancy weight, BMI, and also your health and your baby's health, all play a role in deciding how much weight you need to attain during pregnancy. Work with your gynecologist to decide what's best in your situation and to manage your weight all through pregnancy.
Start by bearing in mind these general suggestions for pregnancy weight gain and obesity:
If you are obese and bearing one baby, the suggested weight gain is eleven to twenty pounds (about five to nine kilograms).
If you are obese and carrying twins or multiples, the advised weight gain is twenty five to forty five pounds (about eleven to nineteen kilograms).
Still, some research recommends that women who are obese can securely gain less weight than the specification suggested. Rather than gaining or losing a certain amount of weight during pregnancy, your gynecologist might encourage you to emphasize on avoiding exorbitant weight gain during pregnancy.
Does a woman need specialized care during pregnancy?
If you are obese, your gynecologist will closely record your pregnancy. Depending on the situation, your doctor might suggest:
Initial testing for gestational diabetes:
For women at average threat of gestational diabetes, an evaluation test called the glucose challenge test is often done between weeks twenty four and twenty eight of pregnancy. If you're obese, your doctor might advise the evaluation test initially — maybe even at your first prenatal visit. If your test results are well balanced, you'll probably repeat the screening test between weeks twenty four and twenty four of pregnancy. If results are unusual, you'll need further testing. Your doctor will suggest you on blood sugar observation and management.
Delayed Fetal Ultrasound:
Fetal ultrasound is frequently done between weeks eighteen and twenty of pregnancy to estimate a baby's growth and development.
Your doctor might suggest a fetal ultrasound that furnishes a complete picture of your baby's heart (fetal echocardiography) between weeks twenty two and twenty four of pregnancy. This test is used to obtain or verify a congenital heart defect.
Frequent Prenatal Visits
As your pregnancy proceeds, your gynecologist might advise more recurrent prenatal visits to observe your health and your baby's health. Consistent fetal ultrasounds might be suggested to help your doctor assess your baby's growth and agenda for your delivery.
What steps can you take to nuture a healthy pregnancy?
You can confine the effect of obesity on your pregnancy and safeguard your health and your baby's health. For example:
Plan a preconception consultation. If you're obese and you're considering getting pregnant, talk to your doctor. He or she might suggest a daily prenatal vitamin and refer you to other doctors — such as a qualified dietitian or obesity expert — who can assist you attain a healthy weight before pregnancy.
Look for regular prenatal care. Prenatal visits can help your doctor monitor your health and your baby's health. Tell your doctor about any medical conditions you might have — such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or sleep apnea — and talk about what you can do to manage them.
Eat a healthy diet. Work with doctor or a qualified dietitian to maintain a healthy diet and avoid immoderate weight gain. Remember that during pregnancy, you'll need more calcium, folic acid, iron and other crucial nutrients. A daily prenatal vitamin can help fill any gaps. Consult your doctor if you have special nutritional requirements due to a health issues, such as diabetes.
Be physically agile. Consult your doctor about safe ways to stay physically active during your pregnancy.
Avoid risky substances. If you smoke, ask your doctor to help you quit. Alcohol and illegal drugs are occasionally, too. Get your doctors permission before you start — or stop — taking any medications or supplements.
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