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Homeopathy for painful menstruation

Dr Karagada Sandeep

Dr Karagada Sandeep

  Jayanagar, Bengaluru     May 15, 2019

   6 min     



A large number of women face painful and excruciating menstruation. It is estimated that over half of the women worldwide go through difficulty, pain, and uneasiness during menstruation.


When women have excruciating menstrual cramps, then they are said to have a condition known as dysmenorrhea. It is characterised by heavy throbbing pains in the lower abdomen region. These cramps not only occur during your menstrual period but could also occur for a few days leading up to your period or a few days after that. 

The intensity of the cramps differs in each woman. Some may just have to deal with minor discomfort, while for some others, the pain is so intense that it may affect their day-to-day activities for a few days.

Painful menstruation has often been linked to endometriosis or uterine fibroids. The best way to deal with the pain is to diagnose the underlying cause and treat it. In case there are no pre-existing conditions that cause the cramps, the pain might reduce as you age, and you may feel better after giving birth.

Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

Below are the common symptoms one experiences:

  • Intense cramping or throbbing in the lower region of your abdomen, in varying degrees

  • Abdominal pain that begins 1 to 3 days before the onset of your menstrual period, which then reduces in another 2-3 days

  • Minor discomfort couple with a dull, continuous pain

  • Additional pain that can also be felt in the lower back and thighs

In extreme cases, some women experience the following symptoms.

  • Nausea, a feeling like they are going to vomit

  • Headache

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Loose stools

Though many women can cope with menstrual cramps, it is important that they visit a medical professional in certain cases. This could be if the cramps are so intense that they disrupt your activities every month, or if your symptoms keep worsening with every period. Also, consult a doctor if the cramps have become more severe since you turned 25 years old.

Causes of Dysmenorrhea

To understand dysmenorrhea, you must know what's happening in your body during your period. You get your period if the eggs in your reproductive system do not fertilise. Fertilisation can only occur if the sperm has been introduced in your uterine cavity, or through other assisted reproductive techniques. 

Now, if no fertilisation occurs, your uterine wall starts shedding its lining. To expel this lining, our uterus contracts. These contractions are triggered by hormone-like substances, known as prostaglandins, which are also involved in pain and inflammation. Based on the number of prostaglandins released by the body, the intensity of the cramps vary. More the prostaglandins released, higher is the intensity of your cramps.

Besides that, menstrual cramps can also occur due to the following reasons.

  • Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the tissue that usually lines the inside of your uterus is implanted outside it, in other organs of the reproductive system such as the fallopian tubes, the ovaries or tissues that line your pelvis. Along with painful menstruation, this condition also brings about menstrual irregularities. This condition is often treated using hormonal medications or excision surgery.

  • Uterine fibroids: These are small, non-cancerous growths that develop in the lining of your uterus, causing incredible pain. Along with pain, you will also experience prolonged menstruation and pelvic pain. Fibroids are usually removed surgically or treated with medications.

  • Adenomyosis: This is a condition in which the tissue lining the inside of your uterus tends to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus. Adenomyosis causes excruciating pain during your period, prolonged period, pain during intercourse, as well as blood clots that pass out during the period. Pain-relieving medications are given to deal with the cramps, but the only cure is hysterectomy, complete removal of the uterus.  

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: This is a condition caused due to sexually transmitted bacteria that infects and affects the female reproductive organs. These bacteria travel from the vagina to other reproductive organs. It is treated with the help of antibiotics.

  • Cervical stenosis: This is a condition characterised by an extremely tiny cervical opening. The opening is small enough to obstruct menstrual flow resulting in extreme pain due to increased pressure inside the uterus.

Risk factors relating to dysmenorrhea

Your chances of experiencing painful cramps increase with the following factors.

  • If you are below the age of 30

  • If you hit puberty or began menstruation at an early age, i.e. 11 or younger

  • If you experience heavy bleeding during your periods, a condition known as menorrhagia

  • If your menstrual bleeding is irregular, a condition known as metrorrhagia.

  • There is a known history of dysmenorrhea in your family.

  • You have the habit of smoking.

Complications that could arise due to dysmenorrhea

Menstrual cramps with no underlying causes usually do not bring about any complications, but if severe, it can interfere with your work, school or other social activities.

Should you have pre-existing conditions like endometriosis, then you will have related complications such as decreased fertility. Having pelvic inflammatory disease could cause scarring in the fallopian tubes, which may lead to an ectopic pregnancy, a condition where the foetus is implanted outside the uterus

Managing Dysmenorrhea with Homeopathic Remedies

Though there are various remedies for pain-alleviation, most of them only have a temporary effect and do not cure the problem permanently. However, homoeopathic medicines can be very effective for the treatment of menstrual pain without any side effects. Some common homoeopathic medicines for painful menstruation are:


It is one of the most popular choices for women undergoing menstrual pain. Especially in cases when the symptoms suddenly appear and disappear, and are accompanied by a feeling of heat, belladonna is the preferred choice. Also, in cases when the menstruation has started too early or is accompanied by symptoms like photosensitivity, restlessness, etc., belladonna is prescribed.


This homoeopathic remedy is useful when the woman has a cramping pain in the abdomen, accompanied by dizziness or weakness. Cocculus is also prescribed when there is difficulty in sleeping, and the affected person feels ill or numb.


Chamomilla is used when a person’s mood is very sensitive, and pain is intolerable. If there is a heavy menstrual flow, and the pain is very extreme and gets worse in the night or on exposure to wind, chamomilla is effective for treatment.

Nux vomica:

One of the most popular homoeopathic remedies, nux vomica, is prescribed when the affected person feels irritable, impatient, and chilly. The menstrual flow starts too early, and lasts long, and is often accompanied by heavy cramping, sometimes throughout the body.

Cactus grandifolia

If the flow tends to be clotted, and the pain unbearable and throbbing, cactus grandifolia is prescribed. There is also an unbearable pain in the region surrounding the ovaries.  

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Tags:  Homeopathy,women's health,menstruation,painful menstruation,women's sexual health, women's reproductive health, menstruation, homeopathy, cramps

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