- by Bangalore Baptist Hospital
- 2 Shares
- Nov 08 2017
HERNIA: SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES
It occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes through a weakening in one of the muscle walls that enclose the abdominal cavity. The sac that bulges through the weak area may contain a piece of intestine or fatty lining of the colon if a hernia occurs in the abdominal wall or groin.
Different Types of an abdominal hernia
An inguinal hernia: It is the most common and it is an opening that allows the spermatic cord and testicle to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum as the fetus develops and matures.
A femoral hernia: It may occur through the opening in the floor of the abdomen where there is space for the femoral artery and vein to pass from the abdomen into the upper leg.
Obturator Hernia: It is the least common hernia of the pelvic floor. These are mostly found in women who had multiple pregnancies or who had lost significant weight.
An incisional hernia: The intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of previous abdominal surgery.
A hiatal hernia: it happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.
It is caused by the combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia. The pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth, more often it occurs later in life.
Anything that causes an increase in pressure in the abdomen can cause a hernia, including:
- Lifting heavy objects without stabilizing the abdominal muscles.
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Persistent coughing or sneezing.
- Smoking, poor nutrition, enlarge prostate, straining on the toilet
In many cases, a hernia is no more than a painless swelling that does not need any immediate medical attention.
Immediate medical attention is needed if it has acute abdominal complaints such as:
• The bulge could not be pushed back into the abdomen
The doctor will often be able to see it and feel it. Ultrasound test or a CT scan test is done to examine Hernia.
• Open Surgery
• Laparoscopic Repair
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