Hepatitis: Causes and Types
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Dec 19, 2017
Hepatitis is a condition of the liver that causes inflammation. There are many possible reasons behind its cause- viral infection, auto-immune response or a result of medication, drugs or alcohol.
The liver is a vital organ that performs many important functions of the body. Producing bile for digestion, filtering toxins, storage of glycogen are few of the many functions.
Types of hepatitis
The viral infection is of 5 types and each one is caused by a different virus.
- Hepatitis A: transmitted by hepatitis contaminated food or water
- Hepatitis B: transmitted through hepatitis infected body fluids like semen, vaginal secretions and blood.
- Hepatitis C: transmitted through direct contact with infected body fluids like injections and sexual contact.
- Hepatitis D: It is a serious form of the disease which is contracted through direct contact with infected blood and only occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B because it cannot multiply without it.
- Hepatitis E: It is a waterborne disease that spreads through fecal matter contaminated water supply like pools.
- Alcoholic hepatitis is caused due to excessive consumption of alcohol which causes liver damage and inflammation due to direct effect on the liver cells. This leads to permanent damage causing liver failure or cirrhosis.
- Autoimmune response is a condition where the body attacks its own cells because it mistakes it as harmful. This causes inflammation which hinders the functioning of the liver.
Symptoms of hepatitis
- Loss of appetite
- Jaundice like symptoms- yellow eyes and skin
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Dark urine and pale stool