- by Tathagat Heart care Center
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- May 09 2017
Heart Disease (Cardiovascular Disease, CVD)
Heart disease is about different types of disorders that can disturb the function of the heart. These types involve:
Heart diseases that affects the arteries to the heart- Coronary artery (atherosclerotic)
That affects how the valves function to regulate blood flow in and out of the heart-Valvular heart disease
That affects how the heart muscle squeezes-Cardiomyopathy
That affects the electrical conduction- Heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias)
Infections of the heart where the heart has systemic disorders that develops prior to birth.
The most common type of heart disease is the Coronary artery disease.
The heart muscle receives its blood supply from the Coronary arteries and when cholesterol plaque builds up inside the artery walls, coronary artery disease occurs. Over time, blood flow through it decreases and this buildup of plaque may partially block the artery.
When a plaque ruptures and forms a clot in the artery causing a complete blockage, a heart attack occurs. That part of the heart muscle that is declined of blood supply starts to die.
Typical signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease may involve:
Shortness of breath
Angina or Chest pain - This pain may extend or move to the neck, back or arm.
Heart Disease: Causes, signs and symptoms
As a symptom, not all individuals with coronary artery disease have chest pain. Some may have symptoms and signs of struggle to exercise where they cannot perform activities that they once could do normally or indigestion.
Patient history and physical examination initially helps to diagnose Coronary heart disease. Tests to image the arteries and heart muscle and EKG blood tests, confirm the diagnosis.
Depending upon its severity, the treatment for coronary heart disease is decided. Many times lifestyle alterations such as exercising regularly, eating a heart healthy diet, controlling high blood pressure, stopping smoking, diabetes and high cholesterol may limit the artery narrowing.
In some individuals, other procedures or surgery might be required.
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