- by Tathagat Heart care Center
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- May 24 2017
Heart Attack: signs, symptoms and causes
Heart attack-What is it?
The death of a part of heart muscle caused due to the loss of blood supply is a Heart attack.
The coronary artery, one that provides blood to the heart muscle, is blocked by a blood clot (coronary thrombosis) due to which the blood supply is normally lost.
The patient experiences pain in the chest and electrical fluctuation and of the heart muscle tissue, if some of the heart muscle dies.
Coronary thrombosis, cardiac infarction and myocardial infarction are some other terms used for a heart attack. (Infarction refers to the method whereby a segment of dead tissue is caused by a loss of blood supply).
As per the American heart association:
During a heart attack, the heart muscle or the segment of the heart muscle where the blood supply is lost starts to experience injury.
Depending on the size of the portion that is supplied by the blocked artery, as well as the length of time between treatment and injury helps determine how much damage occurs.
The injured heart muscle recovers by forming scar tissue. The recovery process may take many weeks.
The rest of the organ carries on working, despite severe injury to a part of the heart.
However, as segment of the heart has been injured, it maybe be weaker and will may not pump adequate blood as it used to.
Further damage can be prevented or limited with the right lifestyle change and treatment.
Heart attack symptoms:
The mentioned are signs & symptoms for identifying a heart attack:
- Feeling really awful (general feeling)
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling clammy and sweaty
- A feeling of terror that your life is coming to its end
- Face seems gray
- Shortness of breath or Dyspnea
- Pain, pressure tightness, aching or squeezing in the chest or arms that spreads to the jaw, back or neck
- Crushing chest pain
- Chest discomfort, mild pain
Immediately called for the emergency services:
The pain of a heart attack is normally constant and not relieved by changing position; the pain is, but it may occasionally come and go. Patients narrate the pain, like a clamp squeezing inside your chest or as one of pressure. The pain can last from a couple of minutes to many hours.
Causes of a Heart Attack:
The following are possible elements related with increased risk of heart attack.
- Work stress: People with stressful jobs, or shift workers have an increased risk of heart attack.
- HIV: Individuals who are HIV positive have a fifty percent higher risk of heart attack.
- Previous heart attack: Compared with people who have not had a heart attack, anybody who has already had a heart attack is more likely to have another one.
- Physical inactivity: People who are active have a lower risk.
- Overweight, Obesity
- High blood pressure or hypertension
- Heart surgery: Patients who have had heart surgery have a greater risk.
- Genes: A higher risk of heart attack can be inherited.
- Diet: For example, someone who consumes large quantities of saturated fats will finally have a greater risk of having a heart attack.
- Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes have a greater risk of developing many conditions and diseases, many of them are partly responsible for a higher risk of heart attack.
- High blood cholesterol levels: The risk of developing blood clots in the arteries increases.
- Angina: Angina raises the risk of a heart attack. An ailment where not adequate oxygen reaches the heart, causing chest pain similar to a heart attack, but it settles after taking medication.
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