- by Dr Asmita Dhekne
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- Oct 05 2017
Head Lice -What Parents Should Know
Spotting a minute, white fleck in your child's hair is enough to make many parents agitated. Sure, head lice rank high on the crack-up factor, but they generally don't cause critical disease. What Are Head Lice?
Head lice are tiny six-legged insects that stick to the scalp and neck and feed on human blood. Each louse is approximately the size of a sesame seed and can be difficult to find. Lice eggs, called nits, are stuck onto hairs near the scalp and can be even strenuous to see.
Who can get head lice?
Head lice are most frequently seen in young children who go to day care, preschool, or primary school. Children of this age usually play together closely and with more hair-to-hair contact, and they may share hats, brushes, hair clips and the like. Adults who live with children also have a higher chance of getting head lice.
How do the head lice spread?
Lice usually spread through direct head-to-head association that allows the pests to creep from one person's hair into another's. Lice can also live for a short time on clothing or other personal objects, so a shared hairbrush can help a louse find a new host. Lice cannot hop or flap from one person to another.
How to find head lice?
Although lice and their nits are tiny, they are visible to the bare eye. Head lice can be brown, white or dark gray. They are most frequently found in the hair behind the neck or behind the ears. The nits are round or oval dots that are tightly stuck to hairs close to the scalp. If you try to slide the nits away, they won't move. Study suggests mixing through wet hair is a best possible way to spot an infestation.
Symptoms of head lice
Spotting a live louse or nymph -a young louse is usually the only sign of an infestation. Seeing nits alone does not verify an infestation. In numerous children, head lice don't cause any irritation. When symptoms do occur, the most common issue is itching that may start weeks or even months after the lice move in.
Getting rid of lice
You can find lice-killing remedies over the counter. They are made from extracts of chrysanthemums or a synthetic version that is alike. They are regarded safe, but they may not be suggested for young children. Sometimes lice are unaffected by these. No matter what you treat with, follow directions on the label thoroughly for how long the medicine should be left on the hair and how it should be washed off. A second treatment
may be needed nine to ten days later. Fine-toothed combs are another way to clear the lice. This comb has teeth suitable enough to draw out lice and their nits.
Freeing your home of lice
Although lice don't live long when not on a human, it's most sensible to wash the bedclothes of anyone being treated for lice. Clothing worn in the past forty eight hours should also be washed in hot water. While parents are occasionally told to sanitize and isolate all of a child's padded animals, experts say this is not required. If your child sleeps with a favorite fancy toy, put it in a hot dryer for thirty minutes. That should kill any creepy-crawlies.
Protecting against head lice
If you have young children, there's woefully very little you can do to keep off head lice. Kids will be kids, and when they put their heads together or dispense hair bows, lice get a pass to ride. Your best protection is to inspect your child's hair and scalp frequently so you can seize an infestation early. Quick treatment will aid prevent the crawlies from spreading to the rest of the family.
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