Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Gout is a disease that affects a particular joint, usually in the big toe. It is a type of inflammatory arthritis that stiffens the joint which causes swelling and intense pain. This disease is caused due to excess uric acid content in the bloodstream. Gout attacks are sudden and cause severe redness and pain in the joint. The deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints causes acute inflammation and swelling.
What are the causes and symptoms of gout?
Uric acid is a by-product when the body breaks down certain food and is removed from the body by the kidneys. When excess uric acid is produced, it accumulates in the blood and forms needle-like crystals in the joints.
Gout occurs suddenly without warning and the attacks usually occur in the middle of the night. The symptoms are acute joint pain, inflammation, redness, and swelling. Gout usually affects the large joint of the big toe and causes unbearable pain but like most arthritis, it can affect other joint also like the knees and elbows.
Risk factors and treatment for gout
Men are more prone to gout than women because they produce more uric acid and this disease is genetic so the chance of someone having gout is higher if there is a family history of the disease. Since it is caused due to high level of uric acid, it can be a symptom of kidney problems as well.
The diagnosis is done by extracting fluid from the joint or X-rays and ultrasounds to check for uric acid crystals. Gout is usually treated with medication to prevent future flaring and further complications like kidney stones. The medication reduces the inflammation and also lowers uric acid levels.
If you are experiencing sudden and acute joint pain, it is best to consult your orthopedic and find out the root cause of the problem and get treated accordingly.