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Genital Herpes: Causes and Symptoms

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   4 min     



Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Physical (sexual) contact is the prime means of the proliferation of the virus. After the initial infection, the virus lies latent or inoperative in your body and can reactivate numerous times a year. 

Genital Herpes can cause discomforting pains, itching and soreness in your genital area. But you may have no indications or symptoms of Genital Herpes. If infected, you can be infectious even if you have no noticeable sores. 

Types of Genital Herpes

Depending on the type of infection, this virus is of two types:

HSV-I: This is the oral herpes virus. It causes cold sores and blisters on the face, especially around the mouth.

HSV-II: This is a cause for the outbreak of Herpes.

Causes of Genital Herpes

Herpes is a very contagious STD that spreads from person to person through direct physical contact. Oral Herpes spreads through physical contact like kissing or sharing utensils.

  • HSV-1. HSV-1 is often spread via skin-to-skin contact, though it can be developed to your genital area during oral sex. Recurrences are comparatively less frequent than they are with HSV-2 infection. It is even likely to be reasonable to get Herpes if someone with HSV-I does oral sex while having cold sores.

  • HSV-2. The HSV-2 virus develops through sexual and skin-to-skin contact. HSV-2 is very familiar and highly contagious, whether you have an open sore or not. Engaging in copulation (intercourse) with an HIV-II infected person spreads the virus. Those people who have multiple sexual partners or involve in unprotected sexual intercourse also incur Herpes.

Because the virus dies immediately outside of the body, it's almost impossible to get the disease through contact with towels, toilets, or other objects used by an infected person. 

Signs & Symptoms of Genital Herpes

Symptoms of Herpes need not always be visible. Sometimes the person could be infected but not show any signs. 

  • Sores

  • Itching

  • Pain while urinating or Ulcers

  • Small red bumps or tiny white blisters

  • Scabs

You may have flu-like signs and symptoms during an initial outbreak, such as swelled lymph nodes in the groin, headache, muscle aches and fever.

These are some of the symptoms people experience, the most common being the blistering sores around the mouth or genitals.

Individuals can develop sores on the:

  • Buttocks and thighs

  • Mouth

  • Urethra

  • Anus

Male Genital Herpes: Males can also grow lesions or sores in or on the:

  • Scrotum

  • Penis

Female Genital Herpes: Women can also exhibit lesions in or on the:

  • Vaginal area

  • Cervix

  • External genitals

Can Genital Herpes be cured? 

If you think you might have contracted the virus, it is advisable to consult a doctor. there is no treatment for the herpes virus, they perform a diagnosis, which involves taking a sample of the sore and getting it tested. To know more about treatment, give a read to complete blog.

Diagnosis of Genital Herpes

The doctor usually can diagnose Herpes that will be based on a physical inspection and the outcomes of specific laboratory tests: 

  • Blood test: This test examines a sample of your blood for the occupancy of HSV antibodies to recognise past herpes infection.

  • Viral culture: This test includes taking a sample of the tissue or scraping of the sores for testing in the laboratory.

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test: PCR is done to copy the DNA from your blood sample, a sample of the tissue from a sore or spinal fluid. The DNA can then be examined to verify the presence of HSV and discover which type of HSV you have. 

Treatment of Genital Herpes

Although there is no treatment for the herpes virus, medications can ease symptoms and lessen the risk of infecting others. The treatment concentrates on removing the sores and limiting outbreaks. The antiviral medications decrease the risk of the virus from extending to others. Condoms can also help in preventing the expansion of genital herpes infection. It is profoundly suggested that you do not involve yourself in any form of contact during outbreaks. 

Home Remedies for Genital Herpes

For the self-care, 

  • Take your prescribed medicines in proper time to relieve pain.

  • Women who have grown sores on their vaginal lips or labia can try urinating in a water tub to avoid pain.

  • Apply cold compresses to sores numerous times a day to reduce pain and itching. 

You can also conduct the following heal the sores: 

  • Wash lesions gently with soap and water, and then pat dry.

  • DO NOT pick at sores as they can get infected, which delays healing.

  • DO NOT wrap or bandage sores. 

  • DO NOT use ointment on sores unless your doctor prescribes it.

  • Wear loose-fitting cotton underclothing. 

  • DO NOT wear a nylon or other synthetic lingerie. Also, DO NOT wear tight-fitting pants.

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Tags:  Sexual Health - Male,Sexual Health - Female,sexually transmitted disease ,sexual health,Genital Herpes

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