- by BGS Gleneagles Global Hospitals
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- Feb 08 2018
Flatfoot: Causes and Symptoms
When the entire sole of the foot is in contact with the ground while standing, it is considered a flat foot. There is no arch to the foot. It is also called as pes planus, posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, and fallen arches.
A person may be born with a flat foot, pediatric flexible flatfoot, or develop it as an adult. The causes of flatfoot include the following:
- Tarsal coalitions: A conditions where joints bridge or grow together restricting or prohibiting movement of that joint.
- Accessory navicular bone: A small extra bone in the posterior tibial tendon that causes a weakening of support to the arch.
- Ligament laxity
- Charcot arthropathy
It may cause no symptoms but some of the signs are pain that may be in the inside arch, heel, or ankle and on the outside of the foot just below the ankle.
The doctor will look at your feet to check whether you have arch while standing barefoot or not. X-rays are done to determine the precise type of flatfoot, its cause, and potential treatments.
It depends on the type of flatfoot, its stage of progression, and the symptoms. Treatment includes proper shoe gear, over the counter inserts, custom functional orthotics, bracing, casting, physical therapy, NSAIDs, weight loss, changes in activities and surgery.