- by Dr. Sajan Subbaiah
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- May 16 2018
Everything about sensitive teeth
The sudden pain that strikes when you consume something very hot, cold or sweet is tooth sensitivity. This is a problem that affects large numbers across the world, sensitivity is basically cause due to exposure of nerves in the mouth.
Why does sensitivity occur?
Sensitivity occurs when the underlying dentin layer gets exposed. Dentin is the layer that immediately surrounds the nerves and this layer is covered by enamel and gums that surround the teeth.
When the enamel covering thins and gums recede over a period of time, the dentin gets exposed. The dentin layer contains a number of tubes and pores that are connected to the nerves and changes in temperature etc. affects the nerves as these pores get stimulated by changes due to exposure.
How to fight tooth sensitivity?
Practicing a good oral care routine can help deal with sensitivity
- Use a soft bristled tooth brush and clean up at least twice a day
- Using toothpastes that are specially formulated for sensitive teeth help in soothing the flared nerve endings
- Using a high fluoride containing toothpaste will help in restoring and strengthening tooth surface
In case there is no significant change and you are still experiencing acute sensitivity then it is best to consult your dentist. The dentist will perform an oral examination to find out the underlying cause for sensitivity maybe gum diseases or cavities.
- Restoring cavities
- Treating gum diseases
- Thorough cleaning procedure
- Application of fluoride varnishes to strengthen the exposed areas like dentin and enamel
- Fluoride gel mouth gel sets are placed to provide a quick dose of fluoride and strengthen the dentures
- Using bonding agents to cover up exposed dentin areas and protect it from sensitivity causing stimuli
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