- by Medikoe Health Expert
- 0 Shares
- Feb 09 2017
Early childhood cavities
Oral health problems are a major health issue not only among adults but also among children. Oral health is an integral part of overall health and well being and can not be neglected. Negligence towards oral health and hygiene leads to various health complications like cavities, tooth decay etc. and can do permanent damage to the body.
What are dental cavities?
A cavity is a hole that forms in the mouth and can grow bigger in size over time. The cavities usually start small and grow bigger with time if left untreated. Dental cavity is one of the most common oral health problem across people of all ages including babies. If care is not taken at proper time, the cavities can progress to some serious oral health issues and complications.
Cavities in children:
As already mentioned, cavities can affect people across all age groups including children. Baby teeth can easily get cavities and other dental infections if oral hygiene is not maintained. The fact that most children have a sweet tooth increases the risk of cavity formation even more. It is hence very important to take proper steps to prevent early childhood cavity formation.
Causes of cavities in children:
Some of the most common reasons for which children develop cavities are:
Lack of oral hygiene: children who do not brush regularly are highly prone to developing cavities.
Poor dietary intake: excessive consumption of sugary and acidic food items like candies, cola, sweets etc. is a leading cause of cavity formation.
Feeding during bedtime: having food or milk just before sleeping also makes the teeth more prone to cavities as the milk or food remains stuck and bacteria act upon it all night.
Nocturnal breastfeeding increases the risk of cavity for the same reason.
If the teeth do not receive sufficient quantities of fluoride, it may also cause cavities.
Dry mouth also leads to cavities.
Symptoms of cavities:
Though cavities do not show any symptoms in the early stage, you should always look out for the following signs:
Sensitive tooth: if the children feel pain on eating or drinking hot or cold food items, it may be a sign of cavity.
Pain in the teeth is another common symptom of dental cavity. The pain may either be mild or severe and unbearable depending on the extent of damage.
Black or white staining of the teeth is another sign you should look out for.
The cavity can also be observed as a visible hole in the teeth.
Treatment of dental cavities:
The treatment procedure depends on the severity of the condition, health of the child, and other such factors. Some of the most commonly adopted treatment procedures are:
If the cavities are detected early, a fluoride treatment may be sufficient.
Tooth fillings are one of the most preferred ways of cavity treatment. For this, the dentist will remove the damaged or decayed part of the teeth and fill it with materials like gold, silver, resin etc.
If the decay is severe, dental crowns may be used for treatment.
In case of extreme decay causing death of nerves, the dentist may recommend a root canal treatment.
Impact of early cavities:
Early childhood cavity can cause significant damage to permanent teeth.
Alters facial structure and disrupts the jawline.
It could hinder the tongue as well causing staggering of speech.
It can psychologically affect the child as well due to teeth impartment, smile deformities, and lowered self-confidence.
Prevention of cavities:
Keeping in mind the severe impact cavities can have, steps must be taken to prevent the formation of cavities. The following steps can help minimize the risk of cavities in children:
Maintaining oral health: this is the most important step that you can take to prevent the formation of cavities. Brushing the teeth twice a day, flossing, using mouthwash etc. as recommended by your dentist is the best way to prevent tooth deterioration.
Diet: the food that the child eats has a very big impact on the formation of cavity. Eating raw fruits and vegetables also helps in cleaning the teeth and prevents cavity formation.
Limiting sugar intake is also very important. Though children love sweets and candies, put a limit on the number of candies or chocolates the child is allowed to eat.
Regular dental checkup: it is very important not just for the child, but for the entire family. Early detection of cavities is very important for the treatment procedure, and hence it is important to get your child checked up regularly by a dentist.
Looking for expert health advice? Medikoe allows you to connect to the best health professionals including dentists near you. You can also get your queries answered by experts within 24 hours at Medikoe.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.