- by Aegis Medicare
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- Mar 28 2018
Diverticulitis: Symptoms and Causes
Diverticula are characterized as small, bulging pouches that forms in the lining of the digestive system. Most often they are found in the colon the lower part of the large intestine. Diverticula are common, especially after 40 years of age. Sometimes one or more pouches become inflamed or infected then the condition is known as diverticulitis.
It develops when naturally weak places in colon give way under pressure. Its risk factors include:
- Lack of exercise
- Diet high in animal fat and low in fiber
- Certain medications
- Pain in lower left side of the abdomen
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal tenderness
Abdominal pain can indicate a number of problems so it is usually diagnosed during an acute attack. The doctor will perform a physical examination, test abdomen for tenderness and pelvic examination in women to check out any pelvic disease. The doctor will recommend certain tests:
- Blood test
- Urine test
- Pregnancy test
- Liver function test
- Stool test
- CT scan
If symptoms are mild then the doctor will recommend antibiotics, a liquid diet for a few days and a pain reliever.
If symptoms are severe then treatment generally involves:
- Intravenous antibiotics
- Insertion of a tube to drain an abscess
- Surgery, if you have a complication such as perforation, abscess, fistula or bowel obstruction. There are two main types of surgery:
Primary bowel resection: In this segments of intestine are removed and the reconnects the healthy segments.
Bowel resection with colostomy: It is done if there is so much inflammation that it is not possible to re-join colon and rectum. A stoma (opening) in the abdominal wall is connected to the healthy part of the colon, waste passes through the opening into a bag.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
- Exercise Regularly: Exercising daily promotes normal bowel function and reduces pressure inside the colon.
- Eat more fiber: High-fiber foods soften the waste material and help it pass more quickly through the colon.
- Drink plenty of fluids: Fiber works by absorbing water and increasing the soft, bulky waste in the colon.
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