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Diet Plan to Avoid Piles

Dr. Garima Saxena

Dr. Garima Saxena

  Gurgaon south city ii, Gurgaon     Apr 29, 2019

   5 min     



Piles are commonly known as haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids occur as a collection of inflammation tissues in the anal canal. They include blood vessels, supporting tissues, elastic fibres and muscle. 

The symptoms of piles are not entirely apparent in many people.

Symptoms of Piles

Signs and symptoms shown by piles are not severe in most cases. The signs of piles are resolved on their own after a while.

An individual suffering from piles might show the following symptoms:

  • A hard mass, considerably painful, may be experienced around the anus. It usually contains coagulated blood. Piles that contain blood are called thrombosed external haemorrhoids.

  • After defecating the person with piles may experience discomfort and feeling of bowel still being full.

  • Bright red blood is evident after completion of bowel movement. 

  • The area around the anus is usually itchy, red and swollen.

  • An individual may experience excruciating pain while passing faeces.

This seldom gets escalated into severe condition; the symptoms experienced may include:

  • uncontrolled anal bleeding, further leading to anaemia.

  • infection

  • The inability to control any bowel movements, also known as faecal incontinence.

  • A new channel is created between the surface of the skin near the wall of the anus and inside of the anus, also known as an anal fistula.

  • Strangulated haemorrhoid, the blood supply towards the haemorrhoid is cut off, further leading to complications like a blood clot or infection.

Piles can be classified into four grades

Grade I: They are not visible typically. They include minimal inflammation, usually inside the lining of the anus.

Grade II: Although they are considered to be more substantial than the Grade I piles, they remain inside the anus. They are typically pushed out while passing faeces but remain unaffected as returns.

Grade III: They are widely known as prolapsed haemorrhoids, and are found outside the anus. The person may have a constant feeling of the haemorrhoid hanging from the rectum, but they can be easily re-inserted.

Grade IV: They cannot be re-inserted back in and requires immediate medical attention. They are huge and remains outside of the anal cavity.

External piles on the outside edge of anus form small lumps. They are extremely itchy and are termed to be painful if a blood clot is developed, as the blood clot tends to block the flow of the blood towards the area affected. Thrombosed external piles, or haemorrhoids which form a clump, demands immediate treatment. 

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle has become a need today, and our diet is counted as a significant part of it. Every day we listen to some new diseases and to avoid these diseases we must understand its nature and causes.

What are the foods for prevention of Piles?

The leading cause of piles is constipation and diarrhoea so it can be well prevented by making some strict changes in the regular diet. Here are some food diet for piles patient.

Green vegetables

They are suitable for the digestive system and contain the right amount of antioxidants and nutrients. You should add spinach, celery, cauliflower, spring onion, broccoli, and zucchini in your regular diet.

Whole Grain

Foods like oatmeal, cereals, whole-wheat pasta, and brown bread or multigrain bread come under whole-grain foods and they are easier to digest than the all-purpose flour.

Fresh fruits

Fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals, and they also help in the smooth functioning of the digestive system. Fruits like apples are useful if you have piles as they contain high fibre amounts. Berries, grapes, tomatoes, kale, pears, and plums are rich in flavonoids which helps in controlling haemorrhoid bleeding.

Sprouts and Legumes

Sprouts are high in fibre and rich in vitamin C, proteins and calcium. They help in avoiding irritation in the bowel and constipation also. Legumes such as split beans, black beans, baked beans are also important foods to be included in your diet.

Psyllium Husk

It is a soluble fibre and helps relieve irritable bowel and constipation.


It is an essential part of our diet. It would help if you consumed at least 2 litres of water every day, and it also helps in weight loss.

Eat more fibre and stay hydrated if you are suffering from haemorrhoids. 

However, keep in mind that too much fibre too fast can cause gas and bloat, so add very few to your diet at a time if you are not used to it.

Foods to avoid in constipation

Avoid the following foods if you are suffering from haemorrhoids 

Spicy Foods: You might want to reconsider your diet-containing spicy foods if you're suffering from piles and constipation. Choose a diet that contains less chilli and heat provoking spices to avoid intake of street food as they may induce constipation. Your body will further appreciate your decision later.

Intake of excess cheese: We understand how hard it can be to exclude cheese entirely from your diet. Although occasional consumption of cheese in pizza or sandwich won't hurt, too much use of cheese may exacerbate the condition. Modify your consumption of diet by including cheese in salads or sandwiches once a week, so that the fibre will help you improve your digestion process.

Meat: Meat can substantially increase the risk of developing piles or haemorrhoids. Red meat is comparatively more difficult to digest than any other meat. If an individual is experiencing blood in their faeces and constipation, one may have to choose to switch to vegetarian food for a few days.

Alcohol: Although there is nothing wrong in consuming alcohol every once in a while, the condition of piles may exacerbate if you drink too much alcohol. Alcohol has the ability to cause dehydration which may further worsen the symptoms of haemorrhoids and constipation. 

Deep-fried foods and processed foods: Processed food has been widely consumed by everyone, being available quickly and requires less time it is considered to be a boon for working professionals. Routine consumption of fast food and deep-fried foods can make your haemorrhoids go from bad to worse.

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Tags:  Healthy Diet,Hemorrhoids ,healthy lifestyle,Diet to Avoid Piles,Piles

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