- by Diabetacare 24x7 Diabetes Care
- 0 Shares
- Jul 21 2017
Diabetes In Women: What You Should Know?
Diabetes, currently affects 415 million people worldwide, and a major chunk of these people are women. In a study published in Annals of Internal Medicine while the death rate for men with diabetes fell between 1971 and 2000; the death rate for women showed no improvement. The burden of diabetes on women is more crucial in the case of women as it can affect both mothers and their unborn children. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), about one third of women with diabetes are unaware that they have the disease.
Complications of Diabetes in Women
With the presence of different physiology, the complications of diabetes are far more difficult to diagnose in women than in men. Some of these complications that women might a checkup are;
- Coronary heart disease: When compared to women without diabetes, women with diabetes have a higher risk of heart and blood vessel disease. This may result in a stroke or a death as well.
- Eating disorder (Diabulimia): During this, women face body image issues and feel negatively about their shape and weight, with chronically elevated blood glucose levels.
- Skin conditions: These include bacterial and fungal infections
- Nerve damage: This leads to pain, impeded circulation and feeling of numbeness in the limbs. If not treated, amputation is a possibility as well.
- Eye damage: The damage to vessels in the eye may cause loss of vision.
- Sexual health: Certain women lose interest in sex due to depression or frequent changes in blood sugar levels.
Signs and Symptoms
Though many symptoms experienced by women are the same as men, but some symptoms are unique to women.
These symptoms include:
- Vaginal infections
- An abundant growth of yeast due to fungus can cause vaginal yeast infections, oral yeast infection and vaginal thrush. They may experience itching, soreness, vaginal discharge and painful sex.
- Female sexual dysfunction
- In diabetic neuropathy, the nerve fibers get damaged causing tingling and loss of feeling in different parts of the body, especially hands and legs. This condition may also affect the vagina lowering a women’s sex drive.
- Urinary infections
- The chances of urinary tract infection (UTI) are more in women with diabetes. An infection caused by the entrance of bacteria in the urinary tract, UTI results in painful urination, burning sensation or bloody urine.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- The high production of male hormones by the adrenal gland in women, results in PCOS. Signs include weight gain, acne, irregular periods and depression.
- Pregnancy and Diabetes
Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, in case you are planning to conceive a baby, you should try to regulate your blood sugar levels. Your target range might differ when you’re pregnant from when you aren’t. Talk to your doctor about the best ways to manage your and the baby’s health, as babies are at risk for birth defects if your glucose levels are too high.
The case of gestational diabetes differs from type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as it is specific to pregnant women alone. It occurs in about 9.2 percent of pregnancies and in most cases it goes away post the pregnancy. Though once you develop gestational diabetes, your risk for type 2 diabetes increases.
Risk Factors in Women
You are at a risk for diabetes if you;
- have had gestational diabetes
- have PCOS, high blood pressure
- are overweight or obese
- have a history of diabetes in the family
- have high cholesterol
- belong to African, Native American, Hispanic, Aisan-American ethnicity
- are older than 45
- have given birth to a baby of more than 9 pounds
- Lifestyle changes
- Certain lifestyle modifications like exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a proper diet can help you manage your diabetes. Avoiding smoking cigarettes and constantly monitoring your blood sugar can be practiced as well.
There are various medicines you can consume to regulate your sugar levels which include; insulin treatment and metformin.
There is an abundance of alternative remedies to control your symptoms. These involve supplements like chromium or magnesium, eating more broccoli, sage or fenugreek seeds, or taking plant based supplements.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.