- by Diabetacare 24x7 Diabetes Care
- 0 Shares
- Jul 03 2017
Diabetes and its effect on Human Body
In the previous few decades, diabetes has evolved from a mere disease to an epidemic phenomenon with rise in sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy food choices and injurious habits. Amongst the 69.2 million people found with diabetes in India in the year 2015, 36 million remained undiagnosed (source).
What is Diabetes and how does it affect the body?
Defined as a group of diseases which result in too much sugar in the blood (high blood glucose), diabetes is an irreversible condition. In order to function normally, our body needs to convert sugar from food into energy. The hormone insulin is essential in this respect, as it converts the glucose into energy stored by the cells. In people with diabetes, either the insulin produced doesn’t work properly or is not produced at all. This results in accumulation of sugar in the blood causing complications in the body. Knowing how diabetes affects your body can help you look after your body and prevent diabetic complications from developing.
What are the types of Diabetes?
Majorly, there are three types of diabetes found in most people. Though different, they all require regular care and management.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system destroys the beta cells in your pancreas. These cells are responsible for making insulin; hence no or very little insulin is released in the body. This forces the sugar to get build up in the blood instead of being used as energy. Type 1 diabetes affects 5 to 10 percent of diabetics worldwide, starting at a tender age or developing during adolescence.
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a rare condition appearing in adults with apparent type 2 diabetes which is caused by immune-mediated loss of beta cells.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is associated with the condition when the body can’t utilize the already present insulin in the body properly, or does not make enough insulin resulting in high blood glucose. This is the most common form of diabetes, found in about 90 percent people. Though, it often develops in adults, but children can be affected as well.
It is a temporary condition developing for a brief period during pregnancy. It affects approximately 2 to 4 percent of all pregnancies posing as a great risk of developing diabetes for both the mother and child.
What indicates diabetes?
If left undiagnosed or out of control, the effects of diabetes on the body can be noticed by some hard to miss, classic signs and symptoms, namely;
- Frequent Urination (Polyuria)
- Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia)
- Unexplained Weight Loss
- Blurry Vision
- Recurrent Infections
- Extreme Fatigue
- Tingling sensations
- Slow healing wounds
- Unquenchable Appetite
- Dry/Itchy Skin
What are diabetes complications?
In addition to the symptoms, diabetes can cause long term damage to our body, referred to as diabetes complications. The major affect of diabetes involves the blood vessels, which can harm any part of the body. However, certain parts of our body are affected more than others. If you have diabetes, complications may arise no matter how consciously you monitor your blood sugar. This being said, it will still take a number of years of poorly controlled diabetes for them to develop. But, the bright side is unlike diabetes, complications can be prevented by maintaining a healthy diet, avoiding smoking and consumption of alcohol and regular physical activity. The most effected parts of the body include the heart, the eyes, kidney and nerves.
Diabetes can damage blood vessels in the eyes and cause various problems. Possible eyes problems may include:
- Cataracts: This condition develops generally due to age, but with diabetes it becomes a high possibility. Cataracts cause the eye’s clear lens to cloud, blocking light from getting in. It is treatable with sunglasses and glare-control lenses, but in severe cases it may require a lens implant.
- Glaucoma: When the blood flow to the retina and optic nerve is reduced due to excessive pressure, it causes glaucoma. This may result in complete vision loss gradually.
- Diabetic Retinopathy: This term is used to describe any retina problems caused due to diabetes. It includes macular edema, where the macula part of the retina swells up; and proliferative retinopathy in which abnormal vessels grow on the retina causing hemorrhages leading to a clot, resulting in blindness.
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can eventually affect the kidney’s functionality. The ability to filter waste out of the body can be hampered, with excessive protein to be released. High blood pressure patients have the most kidney issues. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney problems, and diabetic kidney disease may even lead to the need for dialysis.
- NERVOUS SYSTEM
Known as diabetic neuropathy, in this condition the excess amount of sugar in the bloodstream damages the nerves in the body. It can happen to any nerve in the entire system, which can often lead to numbness, pain and burning sensations.
- BLOOD VESSLES
It is a no brainer that high blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels, which can cause problems in blood circulation. This poses as an increased risk for foot problems and other vessel diseases, such as heart attack and stroke.
- FOOT AND SKIN
Foot and skin problems are common in people with blood vessel damage in diabetes. Hence, you need to take precautions when it comes to foot issues. Even small sores, skin ulcers can grow deeper if untreated leading to foot amputation.
You have a better chance at avoiding and controlling all or many of these diabetes complications if you indulge in proper preventive care. The better you will be at diabetes management, lower the risk of developing serious complications and the better your long-term outlook. If you have any queries about your health, book an appointment for diabetes checkup with Diabetacare,.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.