- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and put back in the mouth. They are also called as false teeth made of acrylic (plastic), nylon or metal. They fit snugly over the gums to replace missing teeth and eliminate potential problems caused by gaps.
Types of Dentures
Complete Dentures: They are made of a plastic base that is colored to replicate gum tissue and supports a full set of plastic or porcelain teeth. The traditional full denture is held in the mouth by forming a seal with the gums. They can also be held in place by attaching to dental implants that are surgically placed in the bone of the jaws.
Partial Dentures: They can either be made of a plastic base or a metal framework that supports the number of teeth that need to be replaced. It is held in the mouth by using clasps and rests that are carefully adapted to the natural teeth. The partial denture that uses a metal framework is the traditional design, due to the rigidity and strength of the metal. Plastic partial dentures have normally been used as emergency or temporary replacements of missing teeth, allowing the gums and bone to heal before a definitive restorative solution is obtained.
New dentures may feel awkward or uncomfortable for the first weeks or even months. Eating and speaking with dentures might take a little practice. Excessive saliva flow, a feeling that the tongue does not have adequate room, and minor irritation or soreness are also not unusual.
After a certain period, your denture will need to be relined, remade, or rebased due to normal wear. Rebasing means making a new base while the existing denture teeth. As you age, your mouth naturally changes. These changes cause your dentures to loosen, making chewing difficult and irritating your gums.
How are Dentures Made?
The process of denture development takes a few weeks and several appointments.
- Make a series of impressions of your jaw and take measurements.
- Create models, wax forms, and plastic patterns in the exact shape and position of the denture to be made.
- Cast in final denture.
How to take care of Dentures?
- Stand over a basin of water as dentures are delicate and may break if dropped.
- Don’t let your dentures dry out. Place them in a denture cleanser soaking solution or in plain water when you are not wearing them. Never use hot water, which can cause them to wrap.
- Brush them daily to remove food deposits and plaque, and help prevent them from becoming stained.
- Brush your gums, tongue, and palate every morning with a soft-bristled brush before you insert your dentures.
- See your dentist if your dentures break, chip, and crack or become loose.
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