- by Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospitals
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- Dec 05 2017
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT-Dr. Uthappa
Sometimes blood moves too slowly through your veins and causes a clump of blood cells that is in a gelatinous and solid state, known as a blood clot. When the blood clot forms in a vein deep inside your body, it causes a deep vein thrombosis. It is most likely to happen in your lower leg, thighs or pelvis.
The blood clots in deep vein thrombosis can be a result of anything that could be preventing your blood from circulating or clotting in a normal manner, such as an injury to any vein, medications, surgery or limited movement.
Deep vein thrombosis usually occurs among people who are above 50 years. However certain conditions can change how your blood moves through your veins, such as:
- Birth control pills
- Hormone therapy
- An injury that damages your veins such as a bone fracture, surgery or trauma
- Inherited blood disorders
- Limited movement for long period
- Family history of DVT
The signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis include:
- Swelling in the affected leg, foot, ankle usually on one side.
- Leg pain that starts in the calf and feels like cramping or soreness.
- Red, bluish or discoloured skin over the affected area.
- A feeling of warmth in the affected area than the skin in the surrounding areas.
Based upon the visible symptoms and physical examination of the swelling, tenderness or discoloration on the skin, your doctor may suggest ultrasound, blood test, venography, CT or MRI scans.
Deep vein thrombosis treatment ss aimed at preventing the clot from getting bigger and preventing it from breaking loose. Treatment includes blood thinners, medications, compression stockings, filters, etc. More recently venogram and thromobolyis is performed by an Interventional Radiologist, to prevent this thrombosis from progressing and more importantly to prevent any long term complications of DVT.
You can also prevent and lower the risk of a blood clot by keeping your blood pressure under control, quit smoking, losing weight, moving around and by wearing stockings and taking blood thinners if you had surgery.
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