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Complications related to uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes?

Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospitals

Bgs Gleneagles Global Hospitals

  Uttarahalli, Bengaluru     Mar 11, 2019

   3 min     

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Diabetes is a metabolic disease due to the imbalance in insulin production. Insulin is a hormone that helps in converting sugar that you consume into energy (to carry out day-to-day activities) or glycogen (for storage). It stabilizes the blood sugar levels in the body.

Diabetes is of two types:

• Type 1 diabetes:

It is an autoimmune disease where the body produces almost no insulin at all to convert the glucose in the body.

• Type 2 diabetes:

Inadequate or deficit in insulin production causes Type 2 diabetes or when the body is resistant to the insulin produced.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Symptoms and signs of Diabetes are as follows:

• Pallor or Whitening of skin

• Anxiety

• Constant thirst and Urination both daytime and at night time

• Sleepiness

• Heart palpitation

• Confusion

• Sweating

• Numbness

• Constant fatigue

• headache

• Slurred speech

Complications of Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes or diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent one. There are risks of complications if ones diabetes is not well-controlled. This can be disabling over period of time and can be fatal. The effects of diabetes are not confined to one particular organ but problems can be related to Vision, Nerve, Skin, and circulation.

Few of them are:

1. Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy causes nerve damage and almost half the people with diabetes have this problem.

• Peripheral diabetic neuropathy: The symptoms are burning sensation, loss of consciousness and pain which starts from the toes and then spreads elsewhere. Sadly affects both legs although rarely can affect one leg.

• Autonomic neuropathy: Causes damage to the nerves that control your internal organs especially control of bowel movements so one could notice frequent trips to toilet or feeling of fullness.

2. Eye complications

Diabetic patients often have vision problems like glaucoma, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy (issues related to small blood vessels in the eyes). But the good news is early detection complications can be prevented.

3. Kidney damage

Diabetic patients may end up with weak kidneys. This is because the high glucose levels in the blood amplify the strain on the kidneys. The early-stage kidney disease usually goes unnoticed, but late-stage kidney disease can cause:

• loss of appetite

• insomnia

• stomach upset

• fluid buildup

• weakness

• concentration problems.

4. Heart problems

Type 2 diabetes elevates your risk of heart disease as it causes rise in cholesterol level in blood vessels which lead to hardening of blood vessels. This can also lead to high blood pressure which can be very difficult to control leading to further complications. Also BP targets are set at different ranges in a diabetic patient.

It is therefore important to keep a check on Diabetes, BP and cholesterol control seeking specialist help will prevent complications.

5.Another important complication is

stroke because the high blood glucose damages your Circulatory system over time.

The warning signs of stroke are:

• loss of coordination

• numbness on one side of your body

• weakness on one side of your body

• speech impairment

• vision loss

• dizziness

• a headache

6.Circulatory issues

These are also commonly noted over feet in diabetes. High blood sugars can damage smaller blood vessels supplying feet which could lead to toe,foot ulcers. Since sensation is impaired over feet small wounds are not picked up early unless visualised by patient. This could lead to toe, foot or leg amputation in other words loss of toe, foot or leg since the wound progresses if untreated early. It is therefore very important to check feet daily and consult specialists regularly. If in doubt seeking early help can prevent this dreaded complication.

Tags:  Diabetes Diet and Fooding,diabetes ,high blood sugar levels,type 2 diabetes,signs of diabetes,

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