- by Dr SUNIL DWIVEDI
- 0 Shares
- May 09 2017
Complications of coronary artery disease
- Chest pain (angina). Your heart may not receive enough blood when your coronary arteries are narrow and demand is greatest — particularly during physical activity. This can cause chest pain (angina) or shortness of breath.
- Heart attack. Complete blockage of your heart artery may trigger a heart attack if a cholesterol plaque ruptures and a blood clot forms. The lack of blood flow to your heart may damage to your heart muscle. The pace of getting treatment decides amount of damage.
- Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). Electrical "short circuits" can develop if your heart muscle is damaged from a heart attack. These can cause abnormal heart rhythms, some of which can be serious, even fatal.
- Heart failure. It is a condition where the damaged tissue in your heart can't do an adequate job of pumping blood out of your heart. Reduced pumping activity reduces blood flow to tissues and organs and may produce shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in your ankles and feet.
Some of the complications of hypertensive retinopathy include:
- Loss of vision
- Central and branch, retinal vein and/or artery occlusion (CRVO or CRAO)
- Ischemic optic neuropathy or damage to the optic nerve
- Vitreous haemorrhage or bleeding in the vitreous humour
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