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Common Physiotherapy Treatment Technique for Ligament Tear

Medikoe HealthTech Expert

Medikoe HealthTech Expert

  80 feet road indira nagar, Bengaluru     May 29, 2019

   4 min     

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Overview

Ligament injuries are common, especially during athletic activity. Knee ligaments, ankle ligaments, and wrist ligaments are always in action during athletic activity and are thus under a lot of stress. Ligament tears or stretching are common. However, there is a cure for this.

Like many other injuries, physiotherapy plays a vital role in treating ligament injuries. 

What is a Ligament?

A ligament is a short band of tough and flexible fibrous tissue that connects the bone of the body together. It connects bone to cartilage or bone to bone in the body and strengthens and supports joints. The function of the ligament is to keep the skeleton in correct alignment and to prevent unusual joint movements.

What is a Torn Ligament?

Ligament injuries are common in athletes and may occur in any joint. When the joint is underlined beyond its normal range, ligaments tend to be stressful. Twisting or landing of ligaments abnormally can cause ligament injury. This is most common when the ligaments surrounding a joint are at full stretch, causing tearing from the bone.

Ankle ligaments such as Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), and Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) and knee ligaments are the most common torn ligaments in athletes. The reason for this is that with every change in the direction of sport or full-contact sport, the weight of the joints decreases, and high stress occurs.

What are the Symptoms of a Torn Ligament?

A ligament injury is usually associated with trauma that overstresses the ligament beyond its weight.

Subsequent joint instability

•Traumatic cause

•An impaired function such as cannot run, walk or weight-bear

•Sudden onset of pain and severe swelling

Physiotherapy Treatment for Ligament Injury

Physiotherapy is an effective treatment approach for ligament injuries. Ligaments are strong bands of tissues that connect with your body. They act as pullies within your bones while your body actively moves around. Most ligament injuries include the knee, shoulder and ankle, as these are focal points on the body which are susceptible to significant wear and tear. Just like various other injuries, with physiotherapy, it is important to get the patient back to baseline status- lessening pain, stabilising the joint, and enhancing mobility.

Physiotherapy at home works effectively to reduce pain, stabilise the joint, and improve mobility, to return the patient to the baseline. Primary treatment involves RICE, which stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the bone. 

REST: Getting proper comfort is an essential aspect of recovering from injury, even if the injury is due to muscles, ligaments, tendons or bones. Once injured, the next activity that could damage the area must be stopped until the damage is healed. The recovery time varies depending on the specific injury, but the need for rest after an injury is most important. Make sure that you have given enough time to your body to recover from any injury problems.

ICE: Cold contact provides relief from short-term pain in the wound area and also restricts inflammation by reducing the total amount of flow of the blood in the damaged area of the body. When you apply ice to the affected area, do not leave the ice directly on the skin or body. Instead, wrap the ice in a cloth or paper towel before applying it. It is recommended that the ice should be placed on the wound site after 15 to 20 minutes of an injury but no longer.

COMPRESSION: One of the most critical parts of post-traumatic treatment is compression, as it helps in reducing and limiting overall inflammation. It also works efficiently in easing the pain. Covering the damaged area into a band is an excellent way to ensure continued compression of the wound area.

ELEVATION: After the injury occurs, elevating the injured area can also help control overall inflammation.

After the primary intervention, grading of the damage is required to be determined before a physiotherapy action plan is established. In general, modalities for treatment involve:

  • Crutch support with more prominent weight-bearing activities

  • Moving your joint over a range of motion

  • Strengthening your ancillary muscles around the joint

  • Splinting and bracing

  • Goal-directed therapy for special ligament injuries.

These help you relax and recover speedily.

With the help of a trained physiotherapist, simple injuries or surgical operations can be treated. Physiotherapy at home is a must-have step in the journey to your improved health.

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Tags:  Physiotherapy,Ligament tear,physiotherapy at home,ligament injuries,torn ligament,Physiotherapy, ligament tear, ligament injuries, Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Medial Collateral Ligament, Lateral Collateral Ligament, knee ligament,

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