- by Dr Varsha Saxena Anexas Clinic
- 1 Shares
- Jun 27 2017
Children and Colds
Is your child coughing, sneezing and complaining about a sore throat? There's not a parent on the Earth who has not been there. Get to know out how to keep those cold symptoms in control and prevent your kid from getting sick the next time.
What is a cold?
More than two hundred distinct viruses can cause this infection, but the rhinovirus is the most common criminal. Antibiotics, which battle bacteria, will not manage your child's cold because a cold is a viral disorder. Viral disorder cannot be treated with antibiotics.
Except in newborns or in immuno-weakened children, colds in healthy children are not hazardous. They generally go away in four to ten days without treatment.
What to expect
When your child acquires a cold, it begins when he has a general sensation of not being well, often followed by a runny nose, cough or sore throat,.
At the beginning, the sore throat is because of an accumulation of mucus. Later, your child may get a chronic secretion of mucus -- when the mucus runs down the back of his nose to the throat.
As your child's cold gets adverse, he may wake up with symptoms like these:
Watery mucus in the nose
Feeling of tiredness
A cold virus can impact your child's throat, sinuses, ears and bronchial tubes. He may also have vomiting and diarrhea.
At first your child may be moody and complain of a headache and feeling blocked up. After a while, the mucus coming out of his nose may turn thicker and darker.
How many colds will my child get?
Toddlers and babies often have eight to ten colds a year before they turn two years old. Kids who are preschool age have around nine colds every year, while kindergartners can have twelve per year. Adults and adolescents get about two to four each year.
Cold season runs from September upto March or April, so children generally get sick most frequently during these months.
How to prevent kids fom catching a cold?
Your child can get ill when someone who's got a cold comes in contact with an article that is later touched by your child. Stair railings, door handles, pens, books, video game remotes, and a computer keyboard are some usual "carriers" of cold viruses. They can live on one of those items for many hours.
Washing hands is the best protection. Teach your child to do it after every visit to the bathroom, before every meal, and after playing at home or school.
It takes twenty seconds of hand washing with comfortable, soapy water to get free of germs. Tell your child to sing the happy a day song twice to know that he's washed long enough. Using hand sanitizer is also a good choice to prevent the spread of germs.
If your child has a cold, make sure you and others from catching it. If he has symptoms, do not let him go to school, keep him home and avoid contact with other kids.
When sneezing, encourage your child to use a tissue when he blows his nose and to cover his mouth while coughing. If he doesn't have a tissue, teach him to cough in his shirt sleeve. Encourage your child to cleanse his hands after sneezing, blowing his nose or coughing.
How to treat a cold?
Are cold medicines safe for children?
The FDA and drug manufacturers say you should not give medication without prescriptions cough and cold medicines to children under four. These include things like:
These drugs are the active components in many brands of kids' cold and cough medicines.
Generally speaking, cough medicines should not be used for children. Coughing is the body’s wholesome way of helping the body get rid of the cold virus. It's fine to let your child cough, unless the cough is interfering with the sleep or feeding of the child.
When to seek help from doctor
If your child doesn't get better after a few days, talk to the pediatrician. See the specialist if he has a vomiting, high fever, chills and shakes, any respiratory distress, a hacking cough, ear pain, throat pain, rashes on the body or extreme tiredness. These may be symptoms of something grave, like the flu or other medical illness requiring proper treatment.
If your child has diabetes, asthma, or other enduring health disorder, call your specialist to talk about medicine or other treatments.
Also watch for signs of complications of the flu, such as pneumonia. Symptoms include a continuous fever, fever with chills, coughing up mucus, overworked or tiredness, lethargy, persistent vomiting and fast breathing. Contact the pediatrician immediately if any of these symptoms appear.
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