- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is a life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi).
Signs and symptoms
- enlarged lymph glands
- difficulty in breathing
- skin lesion or a purplish swelling of the lids of one eye
- abdominal or chest pain
- a headache
- muscle pain
It is primarily caused by vectorborne transmission. The insect vectors are called triatomine bugs. These blood-sucking bugs get infected by biting an infected animal or person. Once infected, the bugs pass T. cruzi parasites in their feces.
The person can become infected if T. cruzi parasites in the bug feces which enter the body via the mucous membranes or breaks in the skin.
People also can become infected through:
- organ transplantation
- blood transfusion
- congenital transmission
- consumption of bug infected food
- accidental laboratory exposure
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