- by Dr. Sunil Dwivedi
- 0 Shares
- Jun 13 2017
Causes of Hypertension, or high blood pressure
It is not known exactly what causes high blood pressure. But, there exist several factors and conditions that may play a role in its development. These factors include:
- History of Smoking
- Being overweight
- Sedentary lifestyle with less physical activity
- Increased salt intake
- Alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
- Increasing age
- Family history of high blood pressure
- Chronic kidney disease
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
As per the guidelines the normal blood pressure should remain within 120/80 mm Hg. A very stringent life style modification is recommended in terms of diet control & modest exercise if the blood pressure ranges in between 120-139/ 80-89 mm Hg & medical treatment is recommended if the blood pressure is more than 140/90 mm Hg. High blood pressure tends to run in families and is more likely to affect men than women. Increasing age and race also play a role in causation. Diet and lifestyle also greatly affect es hypertension. Other factors that can raise the risk of having hypertension include obesity; diabetes; stress; insufficient intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium; lack of physical activity; and chronic alcohol consumption.
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