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Home > Health Hub > Article > Can Physiotherapy help manage Paralysis?

Can Physiotherapy help manage Paralysis?

Dr  Ruchika Bhargava (Pt)

Dr Ruchika Bhargava (Pt)

  Sarjapur, Bengaluru     May 11, 2019

   4 min     


Paralysis is a medical condition that affects one or more of the body part. It is a partial or full loss of movement, usually in response to an illness or injury. It can affect one side of the body, known as hemiplegia, or both sides of the body, which is known as diplegia.

Paralysis may occur for various reasons, and the most common cause is an injury to the spinal cord or head, accidental poisoning, stroke, and multiple sclerosis. The stroke is the most common cause of paralysis (33.7%), as the effect of the stroke can communicate with the brain and spinal cord. There is no proper treatment for treating paralysis. However, you can consider physiotherapy at home on addressing the symptoms of your type of paralysis and minimize their effects on your life.

Physiotherapy Treatment for Paralysis

Many times, the leading causes of paralysis can be treated by physiotherapy. It restores mobility in the affected part of the body. However, it is essential to start the physiotherapy treatment for paralysis patients at the earliest possible time. This will help to improve blood circulation in the patient and relaxing the muscles.

Daily physiotherapy can help recover motion and sensation to a large extent in affected organs. Moreover, it also helps build and maintain strength in the affected area. When organs recover, physiotherapy helps to retrain the veins and muscles.


Aerobics is a kind of exercise that helps in improving the exchange of oxygen to various muscle tissues. This is particularly useful for those patients who have paralysis after a stroke or who suffer from one or two lateral paralysis. It also helps in improving the sensory-motor function of a paralysis patient.

  • Your physiotherapist will create an optimized exercise plan based on your general health condition.
  • For the session, your therapist will use various aids such as maintenance straps, handrails, and gait tape to improve and maintain balance.
  • If you are not able to stand up without any support, the team of the physiotherapist will help you to take steps and improve upper body balance and strength.

Leg Rotations 

Exercise for foot rotation will be particularly useful for patients who have paralysis after a stroke. It can also help those patients who suffer from loss of muscle movement in the lower limbs.

  • Your physiotherapist will suggest a range of motion exercises to improve muscle movement in the lower legs.
  • One of the simple exercises that helps in improving the functioning of the hip joint is where you need to lie down on the bed with the help of your physiotherapist. You may have to extend your legs forward, keeping them straight.
  • Your therapist will provide support to your ankle and knee joint, as you move your one leg outward and then take it inward. In this way, you need to raise your leg slightly so that it crosses your other leg. The doctor then will help you return to the original state and repeat the same with your other leg.

Physical Conditioning

Physical conditioning is a combination of exercises that are performed to improve the overall health, stamina, and fitness of your body. It is essential to have proper physical training before the beginning of any exercise, as the body is well-equipped while dealing with stress, wear, and tear, as well as exercises.

  • Your physiotherapy will make a combination of different exercises to help improve your stability, balance, and coordination. This piece of treatment works well with the patient affected with paralysis, as it helps your body to react better to the exercises and perform better.
  • Your therapist may suggest a range of active and passive exercises. Active exercises are the type of exercises that focuses on a specific part of your body. For this, you need to make different movements to shrink muscles and relax. Passive exercises are the type of exercises in which movement is given to a particular part of the body by an external source such as exercise equipment, physiotherapists, machine, etc.
  • A combination of active and inactive exercises will help to prevent the occurrence of muscles in a situation where you may experience a decrease in muscle mass. In severe cases, muscular atrophy can destroy muscle strength and physical conditioning can help you cope better and strengthen the muscle power.

If you or someone you know is going through something similar, then remember that you are not alone. There are people and help that you can reach out to help you cope with these challenges. If you have a related question and want to consult with an expert then, you can find one near you on Medikoe. Medikoe is a platform that helps you connect with a best qualified and certified physiotherapist near you for the best in class medical advice and treatment.

Tags:  paralysis,physiotherapy at home,physiotherapy treatment for paralysis,causes of paralysis,

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