Bronchitis: Symptoms and treatment
Medihope Super Speciality Hospital
Malleshpalya, Bengaluru Nov 10, 2017
Bronchitis is a respiratory condition, which causes inflammation or swelling of the tubes within the system. The bronchi are tubes, which transport air between mouth, nose and lungs.
If someone develops thing condition, the linings of these tubes get irritated and swell up. This causes difficulty in breathing and increased phlegm in the system.
How does bronchitis develop?
Bronchitis can be of two types, acute or chronic.
Viruses like the ones that give you the flu or common cold usually cause acute bronchitis. Another reason is bacterial infection caused by elements that irritate the lungs like smoking or dust and air pollution.
Chronic bronchitis is a more severe case, which develops due to constant exposure to irritants like dust, pollution and chain smoking.
Smoking is the most common cause for bronchitis and regular smoking damages the tissues in the airway making the condition more severe. Environmental impact also has significant impact and constant suffering from acute bronchitis can result in chronic conditions.
What are the symptoms of bronchitis?
- Persistent cough accompanied by blocked nose and headaches are most common symptoms of bronchitis.
- Chest tightening and wheezing worsens
- Sore throat and feeling of breathlessness
- Chances of mild fever and chills
What is the treatment for bronchitis?
Acute bronchitis usually goes away on its own over a period of time but chronic bronchitis has no particular cure but measures can be taken to reduce the symptoms and keep things under control.
The most important thing if you are a smoker is to quit because it worsens your condition.
The doctor might prescribe cough medicines and antibiotics for a while to ease the symptoms.
Incase of wheezing or asthma inhalers are prescribed to help relieve your breathing problems.
Anti-inflammatory medicines, oxygen treatment and pulmonary rehabilitation programs can provide some relief.