- by Specialist Hospital
- 3 Shares
- Oct 12 2017
Breaking down RMDs: Rheumatic And Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases affect over half a million across the world every year. It is said that this disease affects more individuals than any other disease group and affects both men and women of all age groups, even children, and babies in some form.
They are commonly classified into two types:
- Non-inflammatory diseases
- Degenerative spine diseases, osteoporosis, and fibromyalgia fall under this category.
- Inflammatory diseases
- Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, connective tissue diseases, and polymyalgia rheumatica fall under this category.
What are the causes of RMD’s?
A family history of RMDs increases your chances of contracting the disease. It is also triggered by lifestyle choices like smoking, a sedentary lifestyle or overexerting muscles and joints.
What are the symptoms of RMDs?
The most evident symptom of RMD’s is inflammation, swelling of joints, joint pains, and deformities. Other symptoms are:
- Stiffness, swelling or redness of the affected area
- Restricted movements
- Pain, stiffness or numbness in the body parts such as fingers, hands, shoulders, writs, neck or back
- Loss of flexibility and strength
- Swelling or compression of nerve tissue
RMDs symptoms may lead to other conditions like:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
- Ganglion cyst
- Trigger finger
Who is at risk for RMDs?
Certain repetitive or professions activities increase the risk of RMD’s, such as:
- Carpentry (any craftsmanship)
- Assembly line work
- Packaging jobs
- Playing musical instruments
- Computer work/typing (or in the case of children, playing video or computer games)
- Sports like tennis or golf
- Lifting heavy weights
Why is the diagnosis and treatment of RMDs important?
Early diagnosis of RMDs, i.e., within the first 12 weeks can save you from a lot of serious complications. Therefore, quick action based on diagnosis can prevent organ and functional damages. It also increases the chances of reducing the effect of the disease and helps in long-term functional improvement.
The treatment aims at improving the quality of life by aiding pain management and reducing the symptoms. Medication, physiotherapy and sometimes even psychological support are given to help the affected. It is essential to diagnose the disease as it can reduce life expectancy if not attended to.
This World Arthritis Day, we at Medikoe aim to raise awareness on RMDs and the importance of its diagnosis and treatment. Spread the word and help a victim, you might even save a life.
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