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Autism Explained

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   1 min     

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A neuro developmental disorder distinguished by diminished verbal and non-verbal communication, social interaction and minimal and repeated behavior is called Autism. Parents generally notice signs in the first 2 years of their child's life.

Though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace and then regress, these signs often develop slowly,. The investigative tests demand that symptoms become obvious in early childhood, typically before age 3.

While autism is highly inherited, investigators presume both genetic and environmental factors as causes. In unusual cases, autism is strongly related with agents that cause birth defects. Disputes enclose other suggested environmental causes; for example, the vaccine theory has been contradicted. By altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize, autism influences information processing in the brain; how this happens is not well understood.

Autistic individuals exhibit many forms of repeated or confined behavior, which the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised classifies as follows.

•    Compulsive behavior is intentional and appears to follow rules, such as arranging objects in lines or stacks.

•    Stereotypy is repetitive movement, such as head rolling, body rocking or hand flapping.

•    Conventional behavior involves an unchanging basis of everyday activities, such as a dressing ritual or an unchanging menu. This is closely related with similarity and an independent confirmation has suggested incorporating the 2 factors.

•    Uniformity is resistance to change; for example, claiming that the furniture not be moved or denying to be intruded.

•   Confined or Restricted behavior is limited in activity, focus or interest, such as immersion with a single, toy, game or television program.

•    Self-injury involves movements that harm or can harm the person, such as skin-picking, eye-poking, hand-biting and head-banging.

No single repeated or self-harming behavior seems to be specific to autism, but autism appears to have an raised pattern of occurrence and seriousness of these behaviors.

Tags:  Childhood Psychology ,Mental Health,occupational therapy,

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