- by R K Senthil Kumar - Occupational Therapist
- 2 Shares
- Jun 29 2017
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A brain disorder evident by an ongoing order of hyperactivity-impulsivity and/or inattention that affects the development or functioning is called an Attention-deficit or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Inattention: means a person is disorganized, has difficulty sustaining focus, lacks persistence and wanders off task; and these issues are not due to or lack of understanding or confrontation.
Hyperactivity: means a person seems to constantly move about, including in circumstances in which it is not suitable; or fidgets, talks, or taps excessively. In adults, it may be wearing others out with constant activity or extreme restlessness.
Impulsivity: means even without first thinking, a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment; that may have high possibility for harm; or a desire for immediate benefit or helplessness to delay indulgence. An impulsive person may excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering the long-term consequences or may be socially intrusive.
Signs and Symptoms
The key behaviors of ADHD are Inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. Few people with ADHD only have issues with one of the behaviors, while others have both hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention. Many children have the both the types of ADHD.
Hyperactivity is the most common ADHD symptom in preschool.
It is normal to have some unfocused motor activity, impulsivity or inattention but for people with ADHD, the below behaviors:
interfere with or reduce the quality of how they function at school, socially, or in a job
occur more often
are more severe
Often people with symptoms of inattention may
Be forgetful in day to day activities, such as, errands, chores , keeping appointments and returning calls
Unrelated thoughts or stimuli can easily distract them
Lose things essential for activities or tasks such as pencils, school supplies, tools, books, wallets, keys, cell phones, paperwork and eyeglasses,
Any tasks that require continuous mental effort is avoided or disliked, such as homework or schoolwork, or for older adults or teens preparing reports, reviewing lengthy papers or completing forms
Have problems organizing activities and tasks, such as keeping materials and belongings in order, what to do in sequence, poor time management, and failing to meet deadlines and having messy work
Not proceed through on instructions and start tasks but quickly lose focus and get easily sidetracked fail to complete work at school, chores, or duties in the workplace
When spoken to directly does not seem to listen
Make careless mistakes in schoolwork, at work, or during other activities or overlook or miss details,
Have issues paying attention in play or tasks, including, lectures, lengthy reading or conversations
Impulsivity or Hyperactivity
Individuals with symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity may often:
Wriggle and fidget in their seats
In situations when staying seated is presumed, such as in the office or in the classroom they leave their seats
Dash or run around or climb in circumstances where it is unsuitable or, in adults or teens, frequently feel restless
Be unfit to engage or play in hobbies quietly
Act as if “driven by a motor” be continuously moving or “on the go,”
Before a question has been completed, blurt out an answer, speak without waiting for a turn in conversation or finish other people’s sentences,
Have difficulty waiting her or his turn
Intrude or interrupt or on others, for example in games, activities or conversations
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