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Appendix Cancer

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   1 min     

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The appendix is a tube which is located near the large intestine and its purpose although unknown is believed to have something to do with immunity. When the healthy cells abnormally multiply, they become a tumor inside the appendix and are cancerous if they turn malignant.  

Types of appendix cancers

  • Colonic adenocarcinoma: similar to colon cancer and the most common type od appendix cancer.
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma: also called MAA and can be of two types, low and high grade.
  • Goblet cell adenocarcinoma: a very rare cancer, it involves the presence of cells similar to the goblet cells present in the digestive tract.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma: Another common type of appendix cancer, it is caused due to tumour formed by cells from the wall of the bowel
  • Signet ring cell adenocarcinoma: It is the most aggressive type of appendix cancer which has high chances of spreading to other organs.

Symptoms

  • Appendicitis
  • Bloating
  • Chronic abdomen pain
  • Hernia
  • Discomfort in the lower left abdomen

Treatment

The most common treatment option is appendectomy, a surgery where the appendix is removed. In more advanced cases where the tumors are larger, there may be a need to operate on the colon as well and could include a need for chemotherapy.

Tags:  cancer,

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