- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Dec 27 2017
APPENDICITIS: SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT
Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix that could be acute or chronic. The appendix often becomes inflamed, infected and can rupture.
The reason behind appendicitis is not clear and is often attributed to more than one cause. An obstruction in the appendix may cause appendicitis. This obstruction could be partial or complete. Obstruction is mostly due to the accumulation of fecal matter, enlarged lymphoid follicles, worms, trauma and tumours. If the obstruction is complete, it would require immediate surgery.
The early signs of appendicitis are usually mild and there may not even be any abdominal pain. Some common symptoms include:
- Pain around the bellybutton
- Abdominal pain in the lower right side
- Loss of appetite
- Inability to pass gas
- Abdominal swelling
- Low fever
It is a little tricky to diagnose appendicitis as the symptoms are quite similar to gallbladder problems, bladder infection, urinary tract infection, Crohn’s disease, gastritis, intestinal infection and ovary problems.
The following tests are conducted to determine the presence of appendicitis and rule out other conditions:
- Abdominal exam to detect inflammation done with the help of X-ray, Ultrasound or CT scan.
- Urine test to rule out urinalysis or a urinary tract infection.
- Pregnancy test to check for ectopic pregnancy.
- Pelvic examination to check for pelvic infections or reproductive problems.
- Rectal examination.
- Blood tests.
Treatment for appendicitis varies but in most cases surgery is required. The surgery to remove appendix is called an appendectomy and is the standard procedure to follow in all cases.
If appendicitis is suspected, doctors will want to remove the appendix to avoid rupture. If there is an abscess, there could be two procedures – one would be to drain the abscess of pus and fluid and the other one is surgery.
Antibiotics are prescribed if the abscess hasn’t ruptured.
After the surgery, you may begin to move around in 12 hours and usually be able to resume regular activities in two to three weeks. If you have undergone a laparoscopy, the incision is smaller and less invasive, making recovery faster.
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