- by Dr Azeemulla H R Neha Veterinary Clinic
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- Jan 31 2018
Anaplasmosis: Causes and Symptoms
It is a tick-borne disease and also called as “dog-fever’ or ‘dog tick fever’ and it can be found throughout the United States, especially and primarily in the north-eastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central states, as well as in California.
Anaplasmosis comes in two forms: one is called Anaplasma phagocytophilum, which is an infection of the white blood cells that transmitted by the deer tick (the black-legged tick) and the western black-legged tick. The other form is Anaaplsma platys, it is an infection of the blood platelets that can lead to the bleeding disorders and is transmitted by tick species called the brown dog tick. This less common form of Anaplasmosis is more serious because the symptoms can prove to be fatal.
It is most often noted in dogs that are considered seniors, 8 years of age or older. The dog breeds that are most often mentioned are Golden retrievers and Labrador retrievers, but it is unknown whether this information is the result of the breed’s susceptibility or their popularity.
The bacteria of this disease invade the white blood cells, and they spread throughout the body. In many cases, platelet, which is a vital part of the blood clotting system, is destroyed.
The symptoms can last for one to seven days, the symptoms are:
- Joint pain
- Starts rejecting food
When it comes to the infection with Anaplasma platys can lead to cyclic thrombocytopenia, which is a condition in which there is the periodic decrease in platelets. Some dogs also get bruising, bleeding or nosebleeds. This is more common during the early stages of infection.
When it comes to anaplasmosis in dog’s treatment, some of the most common tests, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA), and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), are used to determine the presence of the bacteria in the blood of your pet.
Light microscopy is used when anaplasmosis should be diagnosed. It is done by the identification of morulae in circulating neutrophils in the peripheral blood and sometimes in the synovial fluid.
After the diagnosis has been made, the vet will most likely prescribe antibiotics. The treatment should last two to three weeks in order for it to be successful. There is no vaccine available for Anaplasmosis at present.
The best prevention includes stringent tick prevention. Consult the veterinarian for the choice that is best for you. Check your dog for ticks every day, being sure to check in between the toes, under the collar, behind the ears and in the armpits. Ticks vary from the size of a pinhead up to the size of a grape, usually dark brown or black, they turn grey after they have been attached and feeding for a period of time.
It is unlikely that you will get anaplasmosis from your dog directly, but a dog could be bringing ticks with the infection into your home,
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