- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 12 2017
All you need to know about Kidney Cancer
It is also known as hypernephroma, renal adenocarcinoma, or renal or kidney cancer. It is most commonly found in adults.
The kidneys are organs in our body that help to get rid of waste and also helps in regulating fluid balance. There are tiny tubes in the kidneys known as tubules which help in filtering the blood, aid in excreting waste, and helps in making urine. RCC occurs when cancer cells start growing uncontrollably in the lining of tubules of the kidney. RCC often spreads to the lungs and surrounding organs.
Medical experts don’t know the exact cause of RCC. It is most commonly found in men between the ages of 50 and 70 but can be diagnosed in anyone.
There are some risk factors for the disease which include, any family history of RCC, dialysis treatment, hypertension, obesity, smoking, cyst in kidneys (polycystic kidney disease), Von Hippel-Lindau disease, overmedication of certain drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs used to treat arthritis and medications for fever and pain relief such as acetaminophen.
It includes a lump in the abdomen, blood in the urine, weight loss, loss of appetite, fatigue, vision problems, persistent pain, excessive hair growth (in women).
There are many tests for the diagnosis of RCC:
Complete Blood Count, CT Scan, Abdominal and Kidney Ultrasounds, Urine Examination, a biopsy. If you are found to have RCC, more test will be done to find out if and where cancer has spread. This is called staging. RCC is staged from stage 1 to stage 4, in order of ascending severity. Staging tests can include a bone scan, PET scan, and chest X-ray.
Treatments for Renal Cell Carcinoma
There are five kinds of standard treatments for RCC. One or more may be used to treat your cancer.
Surgery: There are many procedures included in surgery. In a partial nephrectomy a part of the kidney is removed while in nephrectomy, the entire kidney may be removed. Depending on how far the disease has spread, more extensive surgery may be needed to remove surrounding tissue, lymph nodes, and your adrenal gland. This is a radical nephrectomy. A dialysis or a transplant is necessary if both kidneys are removed.
Radiation: It involves using high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It can be given orally or intravenously.
Biologic therapy: It is also called immunotherapy, works with your immune system to attack cancer. Enzymes or substances made by the body are used to defend your body against cancer.
Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a newer kind of cancer therapy. Drugs are used to attack certain cancer cells without damaging healthy cells.
Clinical trials: Clinical trials test new treatments to see if they are effective in treating the disease. During the trial, you will be closely monitored, and you can leave the trial at any time. Talk with your treatment team to see if a clinical trial is a viable option for you.
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