- by Dr Jaya Sharma
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- May 15 2017
Acne – The Fact Sheet
Acne is usual and is generally treatable. You may require treatment for various months to clear spots. Burning or painful acne needs to be treated early to prevent scarring. Once the spots are vanished, you may need treatment for maintenance for few years to keep the spots away.
Acne is the general cause of spots. Maximum people with acne are aged between 12 and 25 but some older and younger people are also impacted. Boys are more frequently affected than girls. Acne generally affects the face but may also influence the back, neck and chest. The harshness can range from mild to severe. Around 8 in 10 teenagers arise some degree of acne. Usually it is mild. However, it is calculated that about 3 in 10 teenagers have acne bad enough to require treatment to restrain scarring. Untreated acne generally remains about 4-5 years before settling. However, it can stay for many years in some cases.
The types of acne pimples
Whiteheads – They remains under the skin and are very tiny
Blackheads – They are clearly visible, they are black and arise on the surface of the skin. Remember that blackheads are not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face forcefully when you see blackheads will not help
Papules – They are visible on the surface of the skin. They are little bumps, usually are pink in color
Pustules – They are evidently visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at the bottom and have pus at the top
Nobules – They are also clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large and solid pimples. They are painful and are fixed deep in the skin
Cysts – They are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are hurtful and they are filled with pus. Cysts can simply cause scars.
Causes of acne
No one is totally sure about what causes acne. Experts consider the main cause is a rise in androgen levels. Androgen is a type of hormone. Androgen levels increases when a child becomes an adolescent or teenager. A rise in androgen levels makes the oil glands under your skin expand. The enlarged gland generates more oil. Extreme sebum can split cellular walls in your pores, which causes bacteria to grow.
Some studies show that a tendency of having acne could also be genetic.
Some medications that have androgen and lithium can also cause acne.
Oily cosmetics may also cause acne in some susceptible people.
Hormone changes during pregnancy may produce acne either to grow for the first time, or to reappear.
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