- by Dr Sujay M
- 1 Shares
- Jun 13 2017
Acne- Impacting your self-esteem?
Your skin has minute holes called pores, which can become clogged by bacteria, dead skin cells, oil and dirt. When this happens, you may develop a “zit.” or a pimple You may have acne, if your skin is frequently influenced by this condition.
As per the American Academy of Dermatology, in the United States, acne is the most common skin condition. Although acne isn’t a fatal condition, it can be painful, especially when it’s severe. It can also cause emotional discomfort. Acne that appears on your face can affect your self-esteem and, over time, may cause irreparable physical scarring.
There are many beneficial treatments for acne that lower both the number of pimples you get and your possibility of scarring.
What are the symptoms of acne?
Acne can be found nearly anywhere on your body. It most often develops on your shoulders, neck, face back, and chest.
If you have acne, you will particularly observe pimples that are white or black in appearance. Both and whiteheads and blackheads are known as comedones. Blackheads open at the surface or exterior of your skin, due to the effect of oxygen in the air giving them a black appearance. Just under the surface of your skin, Whiteheads are closed giving them a white emergence.
While blackheads and whiteheads are the most common injuries seen in acne, other types can also occur. Agitating wounds or injuries are more likely to cause blemishes of your skin:
Tiny red, elevated bumps caused by infected or inflamed hair follicles are Papules.
Tiny red pimples that have pus at their tips are Pustules.
Solid, usually painful lumps below the surface of your skin are Nodules.
Large lumps found underneath your skin that contain pus and are generally painful are Cysts.
What causes acne?
Acne arises when the pores on your skin become clogged with dead skin, bacteria or oil.
Every pore on your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle constitutes of a hair and a sebaceous or oil gland. The oil gland secretes sebum (oil), which moves up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your skin. The sebum keeps your skin moisturized and soft.
Acne can be caused by one or more disorders in this oil process. It can happen when:
Bacteria build up in your pores
Dead skin cells collect in your pores
Too much oil is produced by your follicles
All of these issues contribute to the growth of pimples. A zit appears when bacteria grow in a closed pore and the oil is unable to get away.
What are the risk aspects for developing acne?
Myths about what contributes to acne are quite common. Many people think that foods such as French fries or chocolate will add on to acne. While there is no scientific endorsement for these claims, there are particular risk factors for developing acne. These include:
Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy or puberty
Certain medications, such as certain birth corticosteroids or control pills
A diet high in refined carbohydrates or sugars, such as bread and chips
Having parents who had acne
Young individuals are most at risk for developing acne during puberty. During this time, your body undergoes extreme hormonal changes. These modifications can stimulate oil production, leading to a greater risk of acne. Hormonal acne associated to puberty usually fades or at least improves when you reach maturity.
How is acne diagnosed?
If you have indications of acne, your physician can validate your diagnosis by examining your skin. Your doctor will determine the types of injuries and their seriousness to decide the best treatment.
How is acne treated?
To prevent pimples and to clear up your acne you can use a number of self-care activities at home. Home remedies for acne include:
Cleaning your skin every day with a mild soap to remove excess oil and dirt
Shampooing your hair frequently and keeping it out of your face
Using makeup that’s water-based or labeled as “noncomedogenic” (not pore-clogging)
Not pinching or picking pimples, which spreads bacteria and excess oil
Not wearing hats or tight headbands
Not touching your face
If self-care undertakings don’t help with your acne, several medications without prescription are available. Most of these medications comprise of components that can aid kill bacteria, open pores, or lessen oil on your skin.
Sometimes, you may continue to acknowledge symptoms. If this happens, you may want to look for medical advice. Your doctor can advise medications that may help lessen your symptoms and prevent scarring.
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