- by Specialist Hospital
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- Feb 09 2017
What is Ophthalmology?
The doctor who is specialized in diagnosing, preventing and treating all the disorders related to eye is known as Ophthalmologist.
The eye or the visual system or its surrounding areas can be affected due to any clinical condition. Ophthalmologist diagnoses the problem and involves the therapy of that problem along with micro surgery. Ophthalmologist are considered as surgical and medical specialist both as they perform operations on eyes.
Due to ageing population, there are many cases of age-related diseases of eye like age-related muscular degeneration. This is the reason why eye health care services are becoming more and more important. With the existing treatment and medicines, eye diseases can be managed and treated effectively.
People of the age of 65 or more, mostly get impacted by an eye disease known as Cataract which is a cause of impaired vision worldwide and cataract surgery is the most common operation performed by Ophthalmologists.
Ophthalmologists along with optometrists and opticians are playing an important role in providing the eye health care to the consumers. However, the level of training and expertise given to them are different from each other. Let’s know more about the differences between the three:
Ophthalmologists: A medical doctor who completes his college and in addition completes eight years of medical training gets the license to practice medicine and surgery.
- An Ophthalmologist diagnosis and treats all the eye diseases.
- He performs the surgeries related to eye.
- He can prescribe or fit a contact lenses or eye glasses to correct the vision issue.
- Many Ophthalmologists also get involved in the researches on the cure and causes of eye and vision diseases.
Optometrist: Optometrist is the one who provides first level vision care to the patient. Optometrist is not a medical doctor however he is a healthcare professional. He receives a doctor of optometry (OD) degree after completing four years of optometry school and after that three years or more years of college.
- He takes care of the sight testing
- He does the correction to the diagnosis, treatment and management of vision changes.
Optician: Optician is also not a medical doctor. He is a technician.
- He is trained to design, verify and fit the lenses, frames and eyeglasses to the consumer.
- He can use other devices too to correct the eye sight problem.
- He is not permitted to diagnose or treat any eye problem.
- He can only use the prescription given by Ophthalmologist or Optometrist.
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