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What is Forensic Odontology?

Dr Shamaz Mohamed Eiliyah Dental Care

Dr Shamaz Mohamed Eiliyah Dental Care

  Wilson garden, Bengaluru     Jan 27, 2017

   1 min     

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Forensic dentistry is the practice related to law.

Definition : “A branch of dentistry which deals with the proper handling and examination of dental evidences and with the proper evaluation and presentation of dental findings in the interest of dentist”

Significance:

RELATED FIELDS:

Forensic Psychiatry
Forensic anthropology
Forensic pathology
Forensic archeology

Dental identification:

What is the need for identification ?
Social, emotional, legal factors ask for confirmation regarding the identity.

What are the different types of bodies ?

Decomposed,Multilated,burned,normal,skeletonised.

Post mortem Orofacial changes :


An awareness to orofacial changes occurring after death support the identification procedure.
If body is buried for long time depending on type of soil moisture etc, may cause disappearance of dentin and cementum but leaving enamel intact.


In case of drowning, diatoms are found within the jaws and teeth.


Sudden death if violent causes increased pulpal pressure resulting in pink colored teeth.


Muscles of eye lid first undergo rigidity within 3 to 4 hours, other parts involve after another 8 hours.


Effect of fire on teeth :


When heated severely and suddenly they may disintegrate. Amalgam fillings remain intact till 915°C, Gold melts above 915°C and Porcelain above1090°C,  ultraviolet light, dyes, radiographs are used for identification of theses restorations.

Tags:  Odontology, Forensic Odontology,

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