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What is Cognitive behavioral therapy

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   1 min     


Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy. It was originally designed to treat depression, but is now used for a number of mental disorders.

It works to solve current problems and change unhelpful thinking and behaviour.The name refers to behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, and therapy based upon a combination of and cognitive principles.

Most therapists working with patients dealing withanxiety and depression use a blend of cognitive and behavioural therapy.

This technique acknowledges that there may be behaviour’s that cannot be controlled through rational thought, but rather emerge based on prior conditioning from the environment and other external and/or internal stimuli.

 CBT is "problem-focused" (undertaken for specific problems) and "action-oriented" (therapist tries to assist the client in selecting specific strategies to help address those problems),or directive in its therapeutic approach.

It is different from the more traditional, psychoanalytical approach, where therapists look for the unconscious meaning behind the behaviour’s and then diagnoses the patient.

Instead, behaviourists believe that disorders, such as depression, have to do with the relationship between a feared stimulus and an avoidance response, resulting in a conditioned fear, much like Ivan Pavlov.

 Cognitive therapists believed that conscious thoughts could influence a person’s behaviourall on its own. Ultimately, the two theories were combined to create what is now known as cognitive behavioural therapy.

CBT is effective for a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating,addiction, dependence, tic, and psychotic disorders.


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